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MONTENEGRO
Skupstina (Parliament)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Skupstina / Parliament
More photos  >>>
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 2006 -
LEADERSHIP
President Darko Pajovic (M) 
Notes Elected on 2 June 2016.
Secretary General Sinisa Stankovic (M) 
Notes Appointed on 11 November 2014.
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 81 / 81
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 15 (18.52%)
Mode of designation directly elected 81
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 14 October 2012
(View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Parliament of Montenegro
Bulevar Svetog Petra Cetinjskog 10
81 000 Podgorica
Montenegro
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (382 20) 242 182 (President)
244 759 (President)
404 560 (Secretary General)
241 083 (Secretary General)
Fax (382 20) 242 192 (President)
242 641 (Secretary General)
E-mail generalni.sekretar@skupstina.me
predsjednik@skupstina.me
Website
http://www.skupstina.me/

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Skupstina / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 18 February 1998
Last amended on 21 March 2014
Mode of designation directly elected 81
Constituencies - one nationwide constituency of 81 seats
Voting system Proportional: Party-list system (closed list):
Political parties (independently or in coalitions) or groups of citizens submit a single election list.
Seats are attributed according to the highest average system, using the d'Hondt method. Parties or groups which obtain at least 3 per cent of the total valid votes are entitled to parliamentary representation.

Special thresholds:
- For election lists for representatives of certain minority groups or communities, as specified in the election application or title of the electoral list: In the event that none of them surpasses the 3-per-cent threshold but they win separately at least 0.7% of the valid votes, they are entitled to win up to three seats as a single (collective) electoral list based on the total number of valid votes that they collectively win. This special threshold applies to electoral lists representing the same minority groups or communities that account for up to 15% of the total population in the electoral constituency based on the latest census.
- For electoral lists representing Croatians in Montenegro: In cases where none of them wins 3% of the valid votes, or separately wins at least 0.7% of the valid votes, the most successful list that obtains no less than 0.35% of valid votes shall be entitled to one seat.

Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through "next-in-line" candidates from the same party. If the term of office ends for an MP of the less represented gender, the next candidate on the electoral list of the less represented gender shall be elected to replace the MP.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - citizenship of Montenegro (including naturalized citizens)
- age: at least 18 years old on election day
- residence in the country at least 24 months prior to election
- disqualifications: insanity/mental illness, undocumented immigrants
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - qualified voters
- citizenship of Montenegro (including naturalized citizens)
- age: at least 18 years old on election day
- residence in the country at least 24 months prior to election
Incompatibilities - Head of State
- ministers of State
- officials and other members of Government
- holders of judicial offices (judges)
- President and members of Constitutional Court
- Government advisers
- executives and members of the Electoral Commission
The above-mentioned incompatibilities are valid during the term of office.
Candidacy requirements - nomination by at least 0.8% of voters
- for political parties or groups of citizens that have MPs in the Parliament of Montenegro, the electoral list may be established without supporting signatures
- for political parties or groups of citizens representing minority groups or communities accounting for at least 15 % of the population: 1,000 signatures
- for electoral lists representing minority groups or communities accounting for at least 2% of the population: 300 signatures
- candidatures must be submitted at least 25 days prior to elections
- candidatures may be submitted by political parties, individually or in coalitions, as well as by groups of voters
- there is no mandatory deposit

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Skupstina / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 14 October 2012
Timing and scope of renewal The "European Montenegro" Coalition came in first, taking 39 of 81 seats at stake. It included the two major parties in the outgoing government: the Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS, led by Mr. Milo Djukanovic) and the Social Democratic Party (SDP, led by Speaker Ranko Krivokapic). The newly-formed Democratic Front (DF) came in second with 20 seats. The Socialist People's Party, a pro-Serb party, took nine seats.

During the campaign DPS leader Djukanovic underscored that his coalition was "the only protector of the State interests". He accused the DF of "serving Serbia". The DF criticized the DPS for campaigning to divide the nation in an attempt to avoid the "real problems", citing unemployment and alleged corruption.

Following the elections, the DPS and the SDP formed a new coalition government with the support of members representing the Albanian and Croatian communities, thereby controlling 45 seats in all. On 4 December, Parliament elected Mr. Djukanovic as Prime Minister.
Date of previous elections: 29 March 2009

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 26 July 2012

Timing of election: Early elections

Expected date of next elections: October 2016

Number of seats at stake: 81 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 841 (577 men, 264 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 31.4%

Number of parties contesting the election: 13 lists

Number of parties winning seats: 16 (four parties and four coalitions)

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 2

Names of parties in government: Democratic Party of Socialists and the Social Democratic Party (with the support of members representing the Albanian and Croatian communities)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 6 November 2012

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Ranko Krivokapic (Social Democratic Party, SDP); re-elected)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 114 October 2012
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
514'055
362'714 (70.56%)
5'764
356'950
Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Coalition "European Montenegro" 165'380 46.33
Democratic Front 82'773 23.19
Socialist People's Party (SNP) 40'131 11.24
Positive Montenegro (PCG) 29'881 8.37
Bosniak Party (BS) 15'124 4.24
Force for Unity-Forca per Bashkim (FZJ-FPB) 5'244 1.47
Albanian Coalition 3'824 1.07
Croatian Civic Initiative 1'470 0.41
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
Coalition "European Montenegro" 39
Democratic Front 20
Socialist People's Party (SNP) 9
Positive Montenegro (PCG) 7
Bosniak Party (BS) 3
Force for Unity-Forca per Bashkim (FZJ-FPB) 1
Albanian Coalition 1
Croatian Civic Initiative 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
69

12

14.81%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
Parliament (22.11.2012, 06.12.2012, 01.01.2014, 08.12.2014, 02.06.2016)
http://www.rik.co.me/

Note on the composition of the electoral coalition:
- Coalition"For a European Montenegro": Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS), the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and the Liberal Party
- Democratic Front: Movement for Changes and New Serb Democracy
- Force for Unity- Forca per Bashkim (FZJ-FPB): New Democratic Power - Forca per Bashkim and Perspective and the Citizens Initiative
- Albanian Coalition: Democratic League in Montenegro, the Democratic Party and the Albanian Alternative

PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Skupstina / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE
Title President of the Parliament
Term - Duration: 4 years (term of Chamber)
- Reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, loss of mandate as a member of the Chamber, dissolution of the Chamber, appointment to another office or position, conviction for illegal activities, change of majority in the Chamber, death.
- The Speaker can be removed by members of the Chamber before the end of his/her mandate by a majority vote.
- In cases where the Chamber is dissolved, the Speaker automatically loses his functions.
Appointment - The Speaker is elected by members of the Chamber.
- The election is held at the first session of the newly elected Chamber.
Eligibility - Only members of the Chamber are eligible.
- The Speaker's post is incompatible with any other public posts.
- Former Speakers may seek re-election.
Voting system - There is a formal notification process for the candidate defined in the Standing Orders of the Parliament.
- The Speaker is elected by secret ballot.
- A candidate who receives more than 50% of the votes is declared elected in the first round of voting. If no candidate is elected in the first round, additional rounds will be held. The process is repeated until one candidate obtains a majority.
Procedures / results - The oldest member of the parliament presides over and supervises the parliament during the voting held at its first session and announces the results. The youngest member of the parliament and the Secretary General may assist him/her in his/her duties.
- The results may be challenged.
STATUS
Status - The Speaker holds the second highest office in the State.
- The Speaker may act as the Head of State.
- In the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker (Vice-President) assumes his/her role and duties.
Board - The Speaker is assisted by the Board (the Collegium).
- The Board is primarily a decision-making body.
- The Board is established according to the Standing Orders for 4 years (term of Chamber).
- The Board consists of the Speaker, the Deputy Speakers and the heads of parliamentary groups, including opposition groups. The Secretary General also participates in the work of the Board, and where necessary, the Chairs of certain committees.
- Meetings of the Board are convened by the Speaker, at his/her initiative or at the initiative of a parliamentary group.
Material facilities - Official car
- Security protection
- Additional staff: up to nine advisers
FUNCTIONS
Organization of parliamentary business The Speaker:
- convenes sessions,
- establishes and modifies the agenda, i.e. the programme and schedule of work,
- organizes the debates and sets speaking times,
- ensures proper organization of the work of the parliament;
- ensures timely and coordinated work of the working bodies of the parliament.
Chairing of public sittings The Speaker:
- opens, adjourns and closes sittings,
- ensures application of the Standing Orders,
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the functioning of the parliament,
- makes announcements concerning the parliament,
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of a disturbance and lifts such measures,
- establishes the list of speakers,
- gives and withdraws permission to speak,
- calls for a vote,
- verifies the voting procedure,
- checks the quorum,
- cancels a vote in the event of irregularities.
- signs acts of parliament.
Special powers The Speaker:
- calls presidential elections,
- proposes candidates for appointment of the Secretary General,
- together with the President of Montenegro and the Prime Minister proposes candidates for appointment of the President of the Supreme Court,
- recruits, assigns and promotes advisers to the Speaker,
- represents the parliament in relations with foreign parliaments and bodies,
- is responsible for safety and discipline in the parliament and may call in the police in the event of a dispute in the parliament,
- as a member of the Defence and Security Council (together with the President and Prime Minister of Montenegro) plays a specific role in foreign affairs and defence matters,
The Speaker must be consulted in the event that the parliament is dissolved.
Speaking and voting rights, other functions The Speaker may:
- take the floor in legislative debates,
- take part in voting.

This page was last updated on 2 June 2016
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