The Presidency module includes information about Presiding Officers of individual parliamentary chambers and parliaments as a whole. Speakers not only occupy a privileged place in their respective legislative institutions but also rank very high in the State hierarchy and are usually invested with important authority under national Constitutions.
Use the Modules pages to view and export data for selected fields and selected countries. In this way, it is possible to compare various aspects of the different parliamentary systems.
Important note for our correspondents in national parliaments:
Should information concerning your parliament be inaccurate, outdated or be missing altogether from the PARLINE database, please contact the IPU Secretariat at