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BOLIVIA
Cámara de Diputados (Chamber of Deputies)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional / Plurinational Legislative Assembly
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Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Cámara de Senadores / Chamber of Senators
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1979 - 1980
1983 -
LEADERSHIP
President Marcelo William Elio Chávez (M) 
Notes 21 Jan 2014 -
Secretary General Oscar Arze Solíz (M) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 130 / 130
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 33 (25.38%)
Mode of designation directly elected 130
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 12 October 2014
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CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Cámara de Diputados
Palacio Legislativo
Plaza Murillo
LA PAZ-BOLIVIA
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (591 2) 214 4002
Fax (591 2) 220 1921
E-mail webmaster@diputados.gob.bo
Website
http://www.diputados.bo/

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional / Plurinational Legislative Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Cámara de Senadores / Chamber of Senators
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 4 December 2001
Mode of designation directly elected 130
Constituencies - 70 single-member constituencies
- 9 multi-member constituencies (seats allocated according to population) corresponding to the country's departments.
Voting system Mixed: Mixed system:
- simple majority vote for 68 seats.
- party-list proportional representation vote with a double quotient system.
Only lists which receive a number of valid votes in excess of the simple electoral quotient may share the allocation of seats. A second quotient is then computed which only takes account of the votes obtained by the participating lists and which determines the exact allocation of seats, with each list receiving as many seats as the number of times it fulfils this quotient. Seats not filled in this first count are attributed to parties with the greatest remainders. Lists eliminated in the first count may participate in this second count.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by substitutes elected at the same time as titular members of Congress or, failing this, by the "next-in-line" candidate on the same party list.
Voting is compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Bolivian citizenship
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - age: 25 years
- Bolivian citizenship by birth
- fulfillment of military obligations
- literacy
- full possession of civil rights
- ineligibility: arrest, imprisonment
Incompatibilities - Minister of the Government
- diplomat
- civil servant or employee
- military or police officer on active duty
- contractor for public works or services
- manager or administrator of a State-related company or enterprise
- certain ecclesiastics
Candidacy requirements - nomination by political parties, coalition of parties or duly-recognised civic institutions

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional / Plurinational Legislative Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Cámara de Senadores / Chamber of Senators
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 12 October 2014
Timing and scope of renewal Elections were held for all the seats in the Chamber of Deputies. The previous elections had been held in December 2009.
Text is being prepared.
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Distribution of votes
Distribution of seats
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women




%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments

PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional / Plurinational Legislative Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Cámara de Senadores / Chamber of Senators
APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE
Title President of the Chamber of Deputies
Term - duration: 1 year
- reasons for interruption of the term: death, resignation, dissolution of Parliament
Appointment - elected by all Deputies
- election is held after validation of mandates and swearing-in
Eligibility - any Deputy may be a candidate
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- a two-third majority of the members is required
Procedures / results - the outgoing President, the outgoing Vice-President or the oldest Member presides over the Chamber during the voting
- an appointed commission supervises the voting
- the outgoing President announces the results without delay
- the results may be challenged
STATUS
Status - ranks fourth in the hierarchy of State
- ranks second in the order of precedence between the Presidents of the two Houses
- represents the Chamber with the public authorities
- represents the Chamber in international bodies
- in the absence of the President, the Vice-President can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Governing Board is regulated by the Standing Orders
- consists of the President, two Vice-Presidents and 4 Secretaries
- meets once weekly
- exercises a collegial presidency
Material facilities - MP's allowance
- official car
- secretariat and advisers
- bodyguards
FUNCTIONS
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study

Chairing of public sittings :
- can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Chamber
- is responsible for discipline inside the Chamber
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Chamber
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Chamber
- is responsible for discipline inside the Chamber
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Chamber
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - is responsible for establishing the Chamber's budget
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff
- appoints the Clerk
- organizes the services of the Chamber
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments and inter-parliamentary committees
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- transmits laws to the Executive for promulgation

PARLIAMENTARY MANDATE

Parliament name (generic / translated) Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional / Plurinational Legislative Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Cámara de Senadores / Chamber of Senators
NATURE
Nature of the mandate · Free representation
Start of the mandate · When the MPs take the oath
Validation of mandates · Validation by the Chamber of Deputies and, in the event of challenge or the emrecence of grounds for annulment, by the National Electoral Court (Art. 67, No. 1 of the Constitution of 02.02.1967, as amended up to and including 06.02.1995, Art. 196, and 247 (2) in connection with Art. 121 and 123 of the Electoral Law)
· Procedure (Art. 67, No. 1 of the Constitution, Art. 247 (4) of the Electoral Law)
End of the mandate · On the day when the legal term of the House ends (see Art. 60 (7) of the Constitution and Art. 127 of the Electoral Law)
Can MPs resign? Yes · Of their own free will (Art. 57 of the Constitution)
· Procedure (Rule 25 (1) (f) of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies)
· Authority competent to accept the resignation (Rule 25 (3) of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies): the resignation need not be accepted
Can MPs lose their mandate ? Yes (a) Definitive exclusion from Parliament by the latter: definitive removal for misconduct (Art. 67, No. 4 of the Constitution, Rule 26 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies; see Code of conduct)
(b) Loss of mandate for incompatibilities (Rule 25 (1) (a) to (d) of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies in connection with Art. 49, and Art. 54 and 67, No. 4 of the Constitution). Procedure (Rule 25 (2) and (3) of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies).
(c) Loss of mandate because of opening of judicial proceedings or charging of an MP after waiver of immunity (Rule 25 (1) (e) of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies). Procedure (Rule 25 (3) of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies).
STATUS OF MEMBERS
Rank in hierarchy · Within Parliament:
1. The President
2. The Vice-Presidents (2)
3. The Secretaries (4)
4. The other MPs
· Outside Parliament:
Indemnities, facilities and services · Diplomatic or official passport
· Basic salary: BOB 20.800 + Sitting Allowance: BOB 1 per sitting
· No exemption from tax
· Private Pension Fund (AFP)
· Other facilities:
(a) Secretariat
(b) Assistants
(c) Official car for the President and the Vice-Presidents
(d) Security guards for the President and the Vice-Presidents
(e) Postal and telephone services
(f) Travel and transport
(g) Others: medical care, funeral costs
Obligation to declare personal assets Yes
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary non-accountability · The concept does exist (Art. 51 of the Constitution, Rule 17 (a) and 27 (1) (c) (5) of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies).
· Parliamentary non-accountability applies to words spoken and written by MPs both within and outside Parliament.
· Derogations: offence or insult (see Discipline)
· Non-accountability takes effect on the day when the mandate begins and offers, after the expiry of the mandate, protection against prosecution for opinions expressed during the exercise of the mandate.
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary inviolability · The concept does exist (Art. 52 of the Constitution).
· It applies to criminal and civil proceedings, covers all offences and protects MPs from arrest and from being held in preventive custody, from the opening of judicial proceedings against them and, in civil matters, also from the requirement to give bond.
· No derogations are foreseen.
· Parliamentary inviolability does not prevent MPs from being called as witnesses before a judge or tribunal.
· Protection is provided from the start to the end of the mandate, but for the suing and the requirement to give bond in civil matters only during a period beginning sixty days before the meeting of Congress and ending at the time the MP returns to his residence.
· Parliamentary immunity (inviolability) can be lifted (Art. 52 of the Constitution):
- Competent authority: the Chamber of Deputies
- Procedure (Art. 52 of the Constitution, Rule 27 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies). In this case, MPs can(not) be heard. They do (not) have means of appeal.
EXERCISE OF THE MANDATE
Training · There is neither a training/initiation process on parliamentary practices and procedures for MPs, nor a handbook of parliamentary procedure.
Participation in the work of the Parliament · It is compulsory for MPs to be present at plenary sittings and committee meetings (Rule 20 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies).
· Penalties foreseen in case of lack of quorum (Rule 76 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies): publication of the names of those absent, proportional deduction of the monthly salary
· Body competent to judge such cases/to impose penalties:
Discipline · The rules governing discipline within Parliament are contained in Rule 86 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies.
· Disciplinary measures foreseen:
- Interruption (Rule 86 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies)
- Call to order (Rule 86 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies)
- Withdrawal of the floor for the rest of the sitting (Rule 86 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies)
· Specific cases:
- Offence or insult
· Competent body to judge such cases/to impose penalties:
- Interruption: any MP
- Call to order, withdrawal of the floor for the rest of the sitting: the President, after a decision of the Chamber of Deputies
· Procedure (Rule 86 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies)
Code (rules) of conduct · This concept does not exist in the country's juridical system but there are some relevant provisions (Art. 49, 54, and 67, No. 4 of the Constitution, Rules 25 (1) (a) to (d), (2) and (3), and 26 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies). For the declaration of personal assets, see Obligation to declare personal assets.
· Penalties foreseen for violation of the rules of conduct:
- Temporary removal (Art. 67, No. 4 of the Constitution, Rule 26 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies; misconduct)
- Definitive removal (Art. 67, No. 4 of the Constitution, Rule 26 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies; misconduct)
- Loss of mandate (Rule 25 (1) (a) to (d) of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies in connection with Art. 49, and 54 and 67, No. 4 of the Constitution; incompatibilities)
· Competent body to judge such cases/to impose penalties:
- Temporary or definitive removal: the Chamber of Deputies
- Loss of mandate: the Chamber of Deputies or without any decision
· Procedure:
- Temporary or definitive removal (Art. 67, No. 4 of the Constitution, Rule 26 of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies).
- Loss of mandate (Rule 25 (2) and (3) of the Rules of Debate of the Chamber of Deputies).
Relations between MPs and pressure group · There are no legal provisions in this field.

This page was last updated on 20 October 2014
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