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Assemblée nationale (National Assembly)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.


Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlement / Parliament
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1972 - 1974
1979 - 1981
1993 -
President Salifou Diallo (M) 
Notes Elected on 30 Dec. 2015.
Secretary General Emma Zobilma-Mantoro (F) 
Members (statutory / current number) 127 / 127

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Women (current number) 12 (9.45%)
Mode of designation directly elected 127
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 29 November 2015
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Address Assemblée nationale
01 B.P. 6482
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (226) 25 49 19 00
50 31 46 84
50 31 46 85
Fax (226) 50 31 45 90
50 33 53 81
E-mail info@assembleenationale.bf


Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlement / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral law 3 July 2001
(n° 014-2001/AN) Last amendment: 10 April 2015
Mode of designation directly elected 127
Constituencies - 1 multi-member (16 members) nationwide constituency.
- 45 multi-member (2 to 9 seats) constituencies corresponding to the country's provinces.

Voting system Proportional: Party-list system with proportional representation of seats according to the simple electoral quotient and highest remainders.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by substitute members elected at the same time as titular Deputies unless vacancies arise in the second half of the term of the Assembly.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Burkinabe by birth, naturalization or marriage
- disqualifications: criminal conviction, electoral fraud
Eligibility - qualified electors
- age: 21 years
- Burkinabe by birth (or naturalization, in which case 10 years must elapse before being elected,
- ineligibility: legal disability
Incompatibilities - ministerial functions
- all other public functions, except university lecturers and researchers in science and technology research centres as well as specialist physicians;
- heads of corporations, chairpersons of boards of directors, directors, managing directors, assistant managing directors or managers in the private sector.
- persons elected from the private sector are relieved of their functions during their parliamentary term.
Candidacy requirements - candidatures must be submitted by political parties or groups or a grouping of independents at least 70 days prior to polling day
- deposit of CFA 50,000 per list, reimbursed if the list concerned obtains at least 10% of the votes cast


Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlement / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 29 November 2015
Timing and scope of renewal The People's Movement for Progress (MPP, see note), led by Mr. Roch Kaboré, came first with 55 seats but did not take an outright majority in the 127-member National Assembly. The Union for Progress and Reform (UPC), led by former Finance Minister Zéphirin Diabré, came second; followed by the Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP), the former ruling party, now led by Mr. Eddie Komboïgo. Eleven other parties won fewer than five seats each. Mr. Kaboré won the presidential elections. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on the economy, healthcare, education and agriculture, and promised to fight corruption.

The elections followed a military coup in October 2014 and a foiled coup attempt in September 2015. The 2014 coup was triggered by President Blaise Compaore's attempt to seek a new presidential term. On 30 October, violent street protests prevented the National Assembly from voting on constitutional amendments to lift the two-term presidential term limit. Later the same day, the Army dissolved the government and the National Assembly. In November 2014 the army, political parties and civil society leaders agreed on the formation of a transitional government for a period of one year and the organization of presidential and parliamentary elections by November 2015. Despite numerous political, institutional and logistical challenges throughout 2015, including a coup attempt by an elite army unit, elections were able to take place on schedule.

On 29 December, Mr. Kaboré was sworn in and became the first President since 1966 who did not have an association with a military coup. On 30 December, the newly-elected National Assembly was sworn in, thereby officially ending the transitional period that started in November 2014.

The MPP was formed by Mr. Kaboré and over 75 members of the Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP) in January 2014. The MPP and the UPC (formed by former CDP member, Mr. Diabré, in 2010) opposed the proposed 2014 constitutional amendments. Following the 2014 coup, both parties supported reforming the electoral code so that supporters of former President Compaoré and the CDP would be barred from running in the 2015 elections.
Date of previous elections: 2 December 2012

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 30 October 2014*
*The date of dissolution of the previous National Assembly by a coup.

Timing of election:Not applicable.*
*The elections to the National Assembly, dissolved in 2014, were due by 2017.

Expected date of next elections: November – December 2020

Number of seats at stake: 127 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 6,944 (4,870 men, 2,074 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 29.9%

Number of parties contesting the election: 99

Number of parties winning seats: 14

Alternation of power: not applicable*
*The former government ousted by the 2014 coup.

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 30 December 2015

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Salif Diallo (People's Movement for Progress, MPP)
Voter turnout
Round no 129 November 2015
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
3'317'193 (60.13%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
People's Movement for Progress (MPP)
Union for Progress and Change (UPC)
Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP)
Union for Rebirth / Sankarist Party (UNIR/PS)
Alliance for Democracy and Federation - African Democratic Rally (ADF-RDA)
New Era for Democracy (NTD)
National Rebirth Party (PAREN)
New Alliance of Faso (NAFA)
Union for a New Burkina (UBN)
Movement for Democracy in Africa (M.D.A.)
Organisation for Democracy and Work (O.D.T.)
Alternative Faso
Party for Democracy and Socialism-Builders' Party (PDS/METBA)
Rally for Democracy and Socialism (RDS)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
People's Movement for Progress (MPP) 55
Union for Progress and Change (UPC) 33
Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP) 18
Union for Rebirth / Sankarist Party (UNIR/PS) 5
Alliance for Democracy and Federation - African Democratic Rally (ADF-RDA) 3
New Era for Democracy (NTD) 3
National Rebirth Party (PAREN) 2
New Alliance of Faso (NAFA) 2
Union for a New Burkina (UBN) 1
Movement for Democracy in Africa (M.D.A.) 1
Organisation for Democracy and Work (O.D.T.) 1
Alternative Faso 1
Party for Democracy and Socialism-Builders' Party (PDS/METBA) 1
Rally for Democracy and Socialism (RDS) 1
Distribution of seats according to sex


Percent of women


Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Preliminary results.

National Assembly (11.12.2015)


Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlement / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Speaker of the National Assembly
Term - duration: 5 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, vote of no confidence in the Speaker (at the request of two-fifths of the Members and following a vote by absolute majority of the Members)
death, dissolution of Parliament, death
Appointment - elected by all Members of the National Assembly
- election held at the beginning of each legislature (or in case of vacancy)
- after Members' mandates have been validated and Members have been sworn in
Eligibility - any Member may be a candidate, but formal notification of candidature is required
- notification of candidature must be made at least one hour before the sitting opens
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot for a single candidate
- an absolute majority is required on the first round, a simple majority on the second
- in the event of a succession of votes, new candidates are admitted These must be made known at least half an hour before the election.
Procedures / results - the oldest Member presides over the National Assembly during the voting
- the secretaries of the sitting and the oldest Member supervise the voting
- the oldest Member announces the results without delay
- the results may be challenged before the Administrative Chamber for violation of or non-compliance with the Standing Orders
Status - represents the National Assembly with the public authorities
- represents the National Assembly in international bodies
- in case of absence, the Speaker is replaced by one of the five Deputy Speakers according to protocol order
Board - is regulated by the Standing Orders of the National Assembly
- consists of the Speaker and 15 Members of the National Assembly who serve for one year (renewable)
- meets when convened by the Speaker
- is entrusted with assisting the Speaker
Material facilities - special allowance
- official residence
- official car
- domestic staff
- secretariat and additional staff
- bodyguards
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of request for setting up committees and/or committees of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting up of such committees, with the agreement of the Conference of Speakers
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the National Assembly
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the National Assembly
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - establishes the National Assembly's budget and submits it to the Finance and Budget Committee
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff
- appoints the Clerk with the Board's agreement
- organizes the services of the National Assembly
- has a specific role to play in foreign relations or defence matters
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- takes part in voting
- proposes bills or amendments
- intervenes in the parliamentary oversight procedure
- transmits the laws adopted to the President of Burkina Faso for promulgation
- appoints three leading figures to the Constitutional Council, at least one of whom must be a legal expert;
- appoints two leading figures to the Higher Communications Council ;
- is consulted on the appointment of the Ombudsperson of Burkina Faso.
- must be consulted in certain circumstances (dissolution of the National Assembly, crisis situations, etc.)

This page was last updated on 28 September 2016
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