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Senat (Senate)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlament / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Senat / Senate
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Poslanecka Snemovna / Chamber of Deputies
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)12 October 2012
20 October 2012
Purpose of elections The main opposition - the Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD) - won 13 of the 27 seats at stake. It increased its majority in the Senate to 46 of the 81 seats. The CSSD criticized the government's plans to increase VAT and opposed pension reform. The largest party in the government coalition, the Civic Democrats (ODS), took four, holding 15 seats in all, while its coalition partners did not win any Senate seats.
Date of previous elections: 15 & 16 - 22 & 23 October 2010

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: Not applicable

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: October 2014

Number of seats at stake: 27 (partial renewal)

Number of candidates: 233 (191 men, 42 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 18.03%

Number of parties contesting the election: 45 lists

Number of parties winning seats: 8

Alternation of power: Not applicable (Partial renewal of the Senate does not affect the composition of the government)

Number of parties in government: 3 (since July 2010, following the May 2010 elections to the Chamber of Deputies)

Names of parties in government: Civic Democratic Party (ODS), Tradition Responsibility Prosperity 09 (TOP 09) and Public Affairs party (VV)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 21 November 2012

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Milan Stech (CSSD, re-elected)
Voter turnout
Round no 1 (from/to)12 October 2012
20 October 2012
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD)
Civic Democratic Party (ODS)
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's party (KDU - CSL)
Mayors and independents (STAN)
Movement Ostravak
Green Party
Communist Party
Czech Pirate Party
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD) 13
Civic Democratic Party (ODS) 4
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's party (KDU - CSL) 2
Mayors and independents (STAN) 2
Independents 2
Movement Ostravak 1
Green Party 1
Communist Party 1
Czech Pirate Party 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Senate (15.11.2012, 28.11.2012)

Note on the "Distribution of seats according to sex":
The "Distribution of seats according to sex" above shows the breakdown for the senators elected in 2012: 5 women of 27 members or 18.52%.
After the 2012 elections there were 14 women in all out of 81 members or 17.28%.

The distribution of seats according to political groups and caucases in the Senate as at 28 November 2012 is as follows. :
- Czech Social Democratic Party: 46 seats
- Civic Democratic Party: 15 seats
- Caucus for the Reconstruction of Democracy - Christian Democratic Union and Independents: 9 seats
- Mayors and an Ostravak: 5 seats
- Senators who are not members of any political group: 6*
*Two were elected for the Communist Party; two for the movement Northern Bohemians; one representing the Party of Citizens' Rights; and one elected for the Green Party.

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