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HONDURAS
Congreso nacional (National Congress)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Congreso Nacional / National Congress
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1986 - 1992
2011 -
LEADERSHIP
President Mauricio Oliva Herrera (M) 
Notes 24 Jan. 2014 -
Secretary General Rigoberto Chang Castillo (M) 
Notes Elected on 23 Jan. 2010.
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 128 / 128
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 33 (25.78%)
Mode of designation directly elected 128
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 24 November 2013
(View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Congreso Nacional
Palacio Legislativo
P.O.Box 3682 -
TEGUCIGALPA, D.C.
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (504) 22 20 48 31
22 38 63 51
22 38 05 28
Fax (504) 22 38 60 48
E-mail
Website
http://www.congresonacional.hn/

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Congreso Nacional / National Congress
Structure of parliament Unicameral
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 19 May 1981
Last amendment: 17/11/1989
Mode of designation directly elected 128
Constituencies 18 constituencies corresponding to the country's departments (number of seats varies according to population).
Voting system Mixed: Mixed system:
- proportional representation using closed party-lists, and the simple (Hare) quotient, with seats allocated on the basis of greatest remainders for multi-member constituencies
- simple majority vote for single-member constituencies
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by substitutes elected at the same time as titular members.
Voting is compulsory (no sanctions).
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Honduran citizenship
- disqualifications: prisoners, criminal conviction, incompetency, members of the armed forces
CANDIDATES
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 21 years
- Honduran citizenship
- birth in constituency where running or residence there for at least five years
Incompatibilities - certain public posts
- high-ranking positions in State institutions
- government contractor within six months of the elections
Candidacy requirements - political party or independent candidatures
- nomination to be submitted between convocation of elections and at least 45 days before poll

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Congreso Nacional / National Congress
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 24 November 2013
Timing and scope of renewal No party secured an outright majority in the parliamentary elections held in parallel with the presidential polls. Outgoing Speaker Juan Orlando Hernández's National Party (PN) won 48 of 128 seats at stake. The Liberty and Refoundation Party (LIBRE) and the Liberal Party followed, winning 37 and 27 seats respectively. The LIBRE comprises former members of the Liberal Party and is led by Ms. Xiomara Castro, wife of former President Manuel Zelaya. Mr. Zelaya had been ousted in 2009, with the backing of the PN and the Liberal Party. The Anti-Corruption Party led by a TV journalist, Mr. Salvador Nasralla, took 13 seats.

Honduras has the highest homicide rate in the world according to the United Nations. Major parties pledged to tackle crime. Ms. Castro's LIBRE criticized the PN government led by President Porfirio Lobo of failing to curtail violence. She promised to use a community police force to tackle local crime and deploy more soldiers to the borders to combat drug trafficking. Mr. Hernández's PN pledged to put more soldiers and police on the streets. Mr. Hernández won the presidential elections and was sworn into office on 27 January 2014.
Date of previous elections: 29 November 2009

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: November 2017

Number of seats at stake: 128 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: Not available.

Percentage of women candidates: Not available.

Number of parties contesting the election: 9

Number of parties winning seats: 7

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1

Names of parties in government: National Party (PN)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 21 January 2014

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Mauricio Oliva Herrera (National Party, PN)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 124 November 2013
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
5'308'781
3'139'692 (59.14%)

Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
National Party (PN)
Liberty and Refoundation Party (LIBRE)
Liberal Party (PL)
Anti-Corruption Party (PAC)
Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (DC)
Party of Democratic Unification (UD)
Innovation and Unity Party (PINU)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
National Party (PN) 48
Liberty and Refoundation Party (LIBRE) 37
Liberal Party (PL) 27
Anti-Corruption Party (PAC) 13
Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (DC) 1
Party of Democratic Unification (UD) 1
Innovation and Unity Party (PINU) 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
95

33

25.78%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
http://www.tse.hn
"La gaceta", 16 Dec. 2013 (No 33,305)
http://www.electionguide.org/countries/id/97/

This page was last updated on 3 March 2014
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