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HUNGARY
Orszaggyules (National Assembly)
PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENT

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Országgyülés / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE
Title Speaker of the National Assembly
Term - duration: 4 years (term of House); elected on 18 June 1998
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, dissolution of the Parliament, incompatibility (performing other earning profession or public office) declared by the Parliament, loss of mandate according to the relevant law, death
Appointment elected by all Members of the Assembly during the sitting of the Parliament and after the Members' mandates are validated, and after they are sworn in
Eligibility - any member may be candidate (the candidature is proposed by the senior Chairman on the basis of the motion of the faction leaders) and a formal notification is required
- notification of candidatures are submitted at the constituent meeting before the election
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- one round of voting, except when the candidate does not have the required majority - if there are many candidates, only the two who have obtained the largest number of votes may be elected - the process is then repeated until one Member obtains a majority
Procedures / results - the most senior Member of Parliament presides over the Assembly during the voting
- the most senior Member supervises the voting and the four youngest members count the votes
- the most senior Member announces the results after the counting of the votes
- the Parliament is entitled to challenge the results
STATUS
Status - ranks second after the Head of State
- represents the Assembly with the public authorities
- represents the Parliament in international bodies
- is ex officio chairman of the House Committee and of the Meeting of Committee Chairmen
- is member of the Defence Council
- in the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speakers can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the House Committee of the Parliament is regulated by Standing Orders of the Parliament
- is composed of the Speaker, the Deputy Speakers and the faction leaders (10 members) whose term of office corresponds to the term of House
- meetings are convened by the President, but any faction leader can request it
Material facilities - monthly allowance
FUNCTIONS
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- proposes the programme and agenda on which the Parliament decides
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments, but the Parliament may decide to refuse his/her proposals
- nominates the standing committee which gives opinion on the bill or other motion, on the proposal of the Meeting Committee Chairmen
- proposes the setting up of committees of enquiries
Chairing of public sittings - opens, adjourns and closes sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Assembly, with the Clerk from time to time
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates, with the Clerk
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Assembly, with the House Committee
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates,


Special powers - approves the draft budget of the Parliament
- appoints and dissmisses the senior officers of the Parliament
- represents the Parliament in the conduct of foreign affairs or defence, as a member of the Defence Council
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for security, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates, as a member of the Assembly, the Deputy Speaker chairing the sitting on this occasion
- provides exceptionally guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- takes part in voting, but only in the event of equality of votes
- intervenes in the parliamentary oversight procedure in his capacity of Member
- signs the laws together with the President of the Republic
- gives his opinion to the Head of State in the event of dissolution of the Parliament, emergency, hostility and declaration of war, if the Parliament is prevented from working

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