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JORDAN
Majlis Al-Nuwaab (House of Representatives)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Oversight modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Majlis Al-Umma / National Assembly
More photos  >>>
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlis Al-Nuwaab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis Al-Aayan / Senate
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1964 -
LEADERSHIP
President Atef Tarawneh (M) 
Notes Elected on 3 Nov. 2013, re-elected on 2 Nov. 2014 and on 15 Nov. 2015.
Secretary General Hamad Ghrair (M) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 150 / 150
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 18 (12.00%)
Mode of designation directly elected 135
other 15
Notes Other: 15 seats are reserved for women.
Twelve of the 135 seats are reserved for minorities: nine for Christians and three for Circassians.
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 23 January 2013
(View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Majlis Al-Nuwaab
House of Parliament
P.O. Box 72
AMMAN 11118
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (9626) 563 5100
Fax (9626) 568 5970
E-mail parl-sec@Representatives.JO
Website
http://www.parliament.jo
http://www.representatives.jo/

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Majlis Al-Umma / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlis Al-Nuwaab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis Al-Aayan / Senate
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 28 June 2013
Last amendment: 23 July 2012 (Royal decree amending the 2012 electoral law)
Mode of designation directly elected 135
other 15
Constituencies - 45 single and multi-member districts for 108 seats including 12 seats reserved for minorities.
- One nationwide constituency for 27 seats (filled by the proportional representation system)
In addition, there are 15 seats reserved for women, selected among women candidates who did not win district seats.
Voting system Mixed: Each voter casts two votes: one for a candidate at the district level and another for a closed proportional list that will compete for 27 seats at the national level.

Majority:
For 108 seats at governorate level:
- The election commission will distribute seats first to the 108 candidates elected from the subdistricts. The candidate (man or woman) with the highest number of votes in each electoral subdistrict is declared elected.
- Second, the election commission will calculate the percentage of votes won by unsuccessful women candidates by dividing the number of votes they obtain by the total number of votes cast in their constituency. The 15 women candidates who obtain the highest percentage of votes nationwide are declared elected on condition that no governorate obtains more than one reserved seat for women (ie, the three governorates with badia (Bedouin) constituencies may receive only one reserved seat either for the governorate or badia constituency).

Proportional representation system for 27 seats (reserved for candidates representing political parties): Closed party-list system at the national level. The seats are distributed according to the share of the votes that each party or group receives.
- Vacancies are filled through by-elections within two months.
- Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Jordanian citizenship
- ordinary residence in a constituency
- disqualifications: insanity, undischarged bankruptcy, criminal conviction, allegiance to a foreign State, members of the armed forces
CANDIDATES
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 30 years
- Jordanian citizenship
- ineligibility: government contractors, blood relatives of the King, imprisonment exceeding one year for a non-political offence
Incompatibilities - public office
- Deputies may become ministers of government while sitting, but a minister who wishes to run for parliament must first resign from his post
Candidacy requirements - non-reimbursable deposit equivalent to US$ 700
- candidates may run in only one subdistrict

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Majlis Al-Umma / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlis Al-Nuwaab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis Al-Aayan / Senate
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 23 January 2013
Timing and scope of renewal Pro-government independent candidates fared well in the elections to the enlarged 150-member House of Representatives. The previous House had a membership of 120. As was the case in 2010, the country's largest opposition party, the Islamic Action Front party (the political wing of the Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan), boycotted the elections.

The 2013 elections took place under the new electoral law adopted in June 2012 (revised in July, see note). Since 1989, all parliamentary elections had been held under temporary laws. The new law created 27 national seats reserved for candidates representing political parties.

The Muslim Brotherhood argued that the new electoral system favoured rural tribal areas over the urban poor and would reinforce the King's power. It also criticized the failure to move towards a constitutional monarchy with an elected prime minister. King Abdullah II dismissed the call for the constitutional amendments but promised to try a "parliamentary government system" in which the prime minister would be chosen "in consultation" with parliamentary groups.

According to the official results, 56% of the 2.3 million registered voters turned out at the polls, ranging from40% in the major cities to 70% in the rural areas. The 27 national seats went to 22 different political parties. The Islamic Centrist Party took three seats, followed by three other parties which took two seats each: the Stronger Jordan, the Homeland and the National Union Party. 18 parties took one seat each.

Note:
The 2012 electoral law provides for a mixed system: 108 seats are filled by the majority system from 45 single or multi-member districts and 27 seats are filled by the proportional representation system. In addition, 15 seats (up from 12) are reserved for women, selected from women candidates who did not win district seats.
Date of previous elections: 9 November 2010

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 4 October 2012

Timing of election: Early elections

Expected date of next elections: January 2017

Number of seats at stake: 150 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: Over 1,500 (including 213 women)

Percentage of women candidates: About 14%

Number of parties contesting the election: 61 (for the 27 seats filled under the proportional representation system)

Number of parties winning seats: 22

Alternation of power: Not applicable (Monarchy)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 10 February 2013

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Saed Hayel Srour
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 123 January 2013
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
2'279'200
1'287'760 (56.5%)

Notes Approximate figures for the number of voters.
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Islamic Centrist Party
Stronger Jordan
The Homeland
National Union Party
National Current Party
Salvation
Labour and Professionalism
Cooperation
Dignity
Unified Front
National Unity
Construction
The People
People of Determination
Free Voice
Voice of the Nation
National Labour
Al Quds
Al Bayareq
The Dawn
Shabab Al Wifaq
Citizenship
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
Islamic Centrist Party 3
Stronger Jordan 2
The Homeland 2
National Union Party 2
National Current Party 1
Salvation 1
Labour and Professionalism 1
Cooperation 1
Dignity 1
Unified Front 1
National Unity 1
Construction 1
The People 1
People of Determination 1
Free Voice 1
Voice of the Nation 1
National Labour 1
Al Quds 1
Al Bayareq 1
The Dawn 1
Shabab Al Wifaq 1
Citizenship 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
132

18

12.00%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
House of Representatives (01.01.2014)
http://petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?Site_Id=1&lang=2&NewsID=97942&CatID=-1

PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Majlis Al-Umma / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlis Al-Nuwaab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis Al-Aayan / Senate
APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE
Title Speaker of the House of Representatives
Term - duration: 1 year, renewable
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution of the Parliament, Speaker's responsibility called into question
Appointment - elected by all Members of the House of Representatives
- election held at the beginning of the new ordinary session of the Parliament (October 1st, each year)
- election held after the Members' mandates are validated, and after Members are sworn in
Eligibility - any Member of the House of Representatives can be candidate
- formal notification of candidature required
- deadline for the notification of candidature: beginning of the new ordinary session
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- absolute majority is required (41 of the 80 Members) - if no candidate obtains that majority in the first round, several rounds are held
Procedures / results - a special committee composed of Members of the House of Parliament for the election presides over the Assembly during the voting
- the special committee supervises the voting
- the most senior Member announces the results without any delay
- the results can be challenged
STATUS
Status - ranks third after the Prime Minister, and the President of the Senate
- the President of the Senate presides over joint sittings of both Chambers
- represents the Assembly with the public authorities
- is ex officio Member of bodies outside Parliament
- represents the Assembly in international bodies
- in the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Permanent Office is composed of 2 Deputy Speakers and 2 assistants
- term of office: 1 year
- meets once a week
- assists and advises the Speaker and is also a collegiate presidency
Material facilities - allowance
- special allowance
- official car
- secretariat and additional staff
FUNCTIONS
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study, with the approval of the Asssembly
- examines the admissibility of request for setting up committees and/or committees of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting up of such committees, with the approval of the Assembly
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Assembly
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum, with thew assistance of the Clerk
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Assembly
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates, with the approval of the Assembly
Special powers makes recommendations for:
- the establishment of the House's budget
- recruitement, assignment and promotion of staff
- the appoinment of the Clerk
- the organization of the services of Parliament
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- takes part in voting only in the event of a tie
- proposes bills or amendments
- intervenes in the parliamentary oversight procedure

PARLIAMENTARY MANDATE

Parliament name (generic / translated) Majlis Al-Umma / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlis Al-Nuwaab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis Al-Aayan / Senate
NATURE
Nature of the mandate · Free representation
Start of the mandate · When the election results are declared (Art. 68 (i) of the Constitution of 01.01.1952, as amended up to and including 01.08.1984)
Validation of mandates · Validation by the House of Deputies (Art. 71 of the Constitution)
· Procedure (Art. 71 of the Constitution)
End of the mandate · On the day when the legal term of the House ends - or on the day of early dissolution (Art. 68 (i) of the Constitution; for early dissolution, see Art. 73 and 74 of the Constitution)
. If elections are delayed after the termination of the term of the House, on the day of new elections (Art. 68 (ii) of the Constitution).
Can MPs resign? Yes · Yes, of their own free will (Art. 72 of the Constitution)· Procedure (Art. 72 of the Constitution)
· Authority competent to accept the resignation: the House of Deputies
Can MPs lose their mandate ? Yes Definitive exclusion from Parliament by the latter (Art. 75, 76, and 90 of the Constitution)
STATUS OF MEMBERS
Rank in hierarchy
Indemnities, facilities and services · Official passport
· Basic salary: JOD 850 ($ 1,200)
· No exemption from tax
· No pension scheme
· Other facilities:
(a) Secretariat
(b) Postal and telephone services
Obligation to declare personal assets No
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary non-accountability · The concept does exist (Art. 87 of the Constitution)
· Parliamentary non-accountability applies to words spoken and written by MPs both within and outside Parliament.
· Derogations: disciplinary measures in accordance with the Standing Orders of the House of Deputies
· Non-accountability takes effect on the day when the mandate begins. It does not offer, after the expiry of the mandate, protection against prosecution for opinions expressed during the exercise of the mandate.
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary inviolability · The concept does exist (Art. 86 (i) of the Constitution).
· It applies to criminal and civil proceedings, covers all offences and protects MPs from arrest and from being held in preventive custody, and from the opening of judicial proceedings against them. It also protects them, as prescribed by the Standing Orders of Parliament, from their homes being searched.
· Derogations: in cases of flagrante delicto, MPs can be arrested. However, the House of Deputies has to be notified immediately.
· Parliamentary inviolability does not prevent MPs from being called as witnesses before a judge or tribunal.
· Protection is provided only during sessions and does not cover judicial proceedings instituted against MPs before their election.
· Parliamentary immunity (inviolability) can be lifted (Art. 86 (i) of the Constitution):
- Competent authority: the House of Deputies
- Procedure (Art. 86 (i) of the Constitution). In this case, MPs must be heard. They do have means of appeal.
· Parliament cannot subject the prosecution and/or detention to certain conditions.
· Parliament cannot suspend the prosecution and/or detention of one of its members.
· In the event of preventive custody or imprisonment, the MPs concerned can be authorised to attend sittings of Parliament (SO 141 of the Standing Orders of Parliament).
EXERCISE OF THE MANDATE
Training · There is no training/initiation process on parliamentary practices and procedures for MPs.
Participation in the work of the Parliament · It is compulsory for MPs to be present at plenary sittings and committee meetings.
· Penalties foreseen in case of failure to fulfil this obligation: suspension of salary for the period he was absent, prevention from attending further sessions
Discipline
Code (rules) of conduct · This concept does not exist in the country's juridical system. For the definitive exclusion from Parliament by the latter in cases of incompatibility, see Loss of mandate.
Relations between MPs and pressure group · There are no legal provisions in this field.

This page was last updated on 16 November 2015
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