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MADAGASCAR
Antenimierampirenena (National Assembly)
LAST ELECTIONS

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name -
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 20 December 2013
Purpose of elections The first elections after the 2009 coup produced a fragmented National Assembly. MAPAR, the party supporting the outgoing interim President Andry Rajoelina, came in first, taking 49 seats in the new 151-member National Assembly, followed by the Ravalomanana Movement headed by former President Marc Ravalomanana. The VPM-MMM led by former Deputy Prime Minister Hajo Andrianainarivelo came in third with 13 seats. 28 other parties and 25 candidates running on 23 independent lists won the remaining seats.

In the run-off presidential elections, held in parallel with the parliamentary poll, Mr. Hery Rajaonarimampianina - Minister of Finance under Mr. Rajoelina - defeated Mr. Jean Louis Robinson, who had the support of Mr. Ravalomanana's camp. The newly elected President was sworn in on 25 January 2014. During the election campaign, both MAPAR and the Ravalomanana Movement promised to provide a better education system, including free primary education. The former also promised to tackle corruption while the latter focused on the creation of decent jobs.

The country had been in transition since March 2009 when the military, which effectively ousted the then President Ravalomanana, announced that it would transfer all powers to Mr. Rajoelina, the Head of a High Transitional Authority (HAT). The Constitutional Court swore him in as Interim President. The HAT subsequently dissolved the then bicameral parliament, announcing new elections within 24 months. Following mounting international pressure, in October 2010, Mr. Rajoelina established a transitional parliament comprising a 256-member Transitional Congress and a 90-member Higher Transitional Council. In accordance with a Roadmap mediated by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), signed in September 2011, the statutory number of members of the Transitional Congress and the Higher Transitional Council increased to 417 and 189 respectively. Although the Roadmap foresaw presidential elections in March 2012, they were postponed to October 2013 due mainly to disagreements over who would be eligible to run. The parliamentary elections, to be held in parallel with the run-off presidential polls, were accordingly delayed to December 2013.

The convening of the National Assembly on 18 February 2014 marked the official end of the transitional period. The newly elected National Assembly replaced the Transitional Congress. The Higher Transitional Council ceased to function upon the election of the bureau of the National Assembly. No law has been adopted on the composition of the Senate, and no date has been set for Senate elections, which will be preceded by regional elections in 2014. Until the installation of the Senate, the National Assembly will exercise legislative power alone.
Date of previous elections: 23 September and 14 November 2007

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 19 March 2009*
*The then National Assembly was suspended following the 2009 coup.

Timing of election: Delayed elections

Expected date of next elections: December 2018

Number of seats at stake: 151 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 2,052 (1,726 men, 326 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 15.87%

Number of parties contesting the election: Not available

Number of parties winning seats: 54 including 23 independent lists

Alternation of power: Not applicable*
*The first elections after the 2009 coup.

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 18 February 2014

Name of the new Speaker: Ms. Christine Razanamahasoa (MAPAR)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 120 December 2013
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
7'823'305


Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Miaraka Aminny Andry Rajoelina With Andry Rajoelina MAPAR
Ravalomanana Movement
VPM-MMM
HIARAKA ISIKA
LEADER FANILO
ANDRIN NY MADAGASIKARA
ANTOKO MAITSO
TRANO KASAKA
SAMBO FIARAN I NOE
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
Miaraka Aminny Andry Rajoelina With Andry Rajoelina MAPAR 49
Ravalomanana Movement 20
VPM-MMM 13
HIARAKA ISIKA 5
LEADER FANILO 5
ANDRIN NY MADAGASIKARA 2
ANTOKO MAITSO 2
TRANO KASAKA 2
SAMBO FIARAN I NOE 2
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men
Women
Percent of women
113
34
23.13%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Source: National Assembly (20.02.2014, 10.08.2014)

Note :
25 candidates on 22 independent lists were elected.
In addition, the following 22 parties won one seat each.
- 303 IHANY NY ANTSIKA
- ADHEM FIZAFA Action pour le Développement Humaniste
- Association of Young Entrepreneurs
- ATM ASSOCIATION TOLIARA MIARANGA
- BAINGA
- FANAMBY 88
- FANASINA HO FAMPANDROSOANA
- FFF
- FIRAISAM-PIRENENA HO AN NY FANDROSOANA SY NY FAHAF
- FITARIKANDRO
- GFFM
- HARENA
- Other Political Persusions (LES AS)
- MAMPIRAY ANTSIKA
- MDM Mientana ho an ny Demokrasia et Madagasikara
- MPIRAHALAHY MIAN/ALA
- MTS
- PAPASOLO
- Malagasy Labour Party PATRAM
- PSD
- TAMBATRA

The Special Electoral Court (la Cour Electorale Spéciale) invalidated the results of the elections in four constituencies owing to irregularities.
At the time of the first sitting in February 2014, there were 147 members, including 34 women, with four vacancies.
The number of women members fell to 31 as at August 2014.
By-elections to fill the four vacant seats were held on 26 August 2014. No women were elected.
As at 26 September, there were 31 women among the 151 members.
The following three parties won one seat each and one independent candidate was elected.
- MMM
- HIARAKA ISIKA.
- SAINTE-MARIE MIFANKATIA SY MIARA-MIASA ANTOKY NY FAMPANDROSOANA MIRINDRA.

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