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MONACO
Conseil national (National Council)
ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Conseil national / National Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral Law 23 February 1968
Last amendment: 23/12/2002
Mode of designation directly elected 24
Constituencies 1 multi-member nationwide constituency.
Voting system Proportional: List Proportional Representation (List PR):
- Each ballot paper includes the names of candidates of the same party/coalition list, which shall not exceed the total number of seats to be filled (i.e. 24). Each voter may either approve one of the lists as a whole, or replace some of candidates across different party/coalition lists ("panachage") by indicating the full name of the candidates of their choice. The ballot paper after the "panachage" should contain no more names than the number of seats to be filled.
- First to be elected are the sixteen candidates who have obtained the most votes. In case of a tie, the eldest candidate is declared elected.
- The eight remaining seats are filled from the electoral lists that have polled at least five per cent of the valid votes cast, as per the proportional representation system.
- Each list contains a number of seats equal to the number of times the electoral quotient is contained in the total number of valid votes cast for all candidates on the list. The electoral quotient is obtained by dividing the total number of valid votes cast by the number of seats to be filled by proportional voting. Any remaining seats are filled by applying the rule of the highest average. This figure is determined for each list by adding, whenever a seat is left, a fictitious seat to the number of seats the list has won via proportional voting and by dividing the total number of votes it has obtained by the number of seats, including the fictitious seat that has been added. Within each list, the seats obtained are allocated to candidates depending on the number of votes obtained. In case of a tie, the eldest candidate is elected.
- Once there are four vacancies in the National Council, by-elections are held within three months after the last of the seats falls vacant. No by-elections are scheduled, however, within six months of general elections, unless the number of vacancies exceeds half of the parliamentary seats.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Monegasque nationality for a minimum of five years
- disqualifications: undischarged bankruptcy, imprisonment, second conviction for drunkenness by a court of summary jurisdiction resulting in imprisonment, unsuspended or suspended sentences of imprisonment of certain lengths, conviction in absentia (suspension)
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Monegasque citizenship
- ineligibility: members of the Council of State, the Council of the Crown, the Supreme Tribunal, persons who - having a dual citizenship - hold a public or elective office in a foreign countr
Incompatibilities - members of the sovereign House
- government councillors
- diplomats
- magistrates
- certain high-ranking civil servants
Candidacy requirements - submission of candidatures 8 to 15 days before election day ; for the second ballot, candidatures may be presented up to the Tuesday following the first ballot.

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