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REPUBLIC OF KOREA
Kuk Hoe (National Assembly)
LAST ELECTIONS

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A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name (generic / translated) Kuk Hoe / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 13 April 2016
Purpose of elections The Minjoo Party of Korea (see note 1) created a surprise by defeating President Park Geun-hye's Saenuri Party by a one-seat margin, winning 123 seats in the 300-member National Assembly. The Saenuri Party ceased to be the largest parliamentary force for the first time since 2000 (see note 2). The People's Party, a new party established in February 2016 by former school dean Ahn Cheol-soo, fared well, taking 38 seats.

The 2016 elections took place amid anxiety over an economic slowdown and rising youth unemployment. During the election campaign the major parties focused on economic issues, job creation and welfare projects. The elections were held shortly after the UN Security Council strengthened sanctions on the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in response to a nuclear test in January and the use of ballistic missile technology in February. The major parties focused on national security issues, in particular policies towards the DPRK.

Note 1:
In March 2014, the Democratic Party (formerly the Democratic United Party, DUP, which took 127 seats in the 2012 elections) and the New Political Vision Party merged to form the New Politics Alliance for Democracy. In December 2015, the Alliance was renamed as the Minjoo Party of Korea. The Minjoo Party's interim leader, Mr. Kim Chong-in, was formerly President Park's chief election campaigner and economic advisor, but joined the Minjoo Party in January 2016, criticizing the government's economic policies.

Note 2:
The predecessor of the Saenuri Party, the Grand National Party, became the largest parliamentary force in 2000, taking 133 of the 273 seats at stake.
Date of previous elections: 11 April 2012

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 29 May 2016

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: April 2020

Number of seats at stake: 300 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 1,102*
*944 (844 men, 100 women) under the majority system and 158 under the proportional representation system

Percentage of women candidates: 10.6% for the majority system.

Number of parties winning seats: 4

Alternation of power: No*
*Presidential system.
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 113 April 2016
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
42'100'398
24'430'746 (58.03%)

Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Minjoo Party of Korea
Saenuri Party
People's Party
Independents
Justice Party
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
Minjoo Party of Korea 123
Saenuri Party 122
People's Party 38
Independents 11
Justice Party 6
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men
Women
Percent of women
249
51
17.00%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Source: National Assembly (14.04.2016, 12.05.2016)

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