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Consiglio grande e generale (Great and General Council)


Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1989 -
President Marino Riccardi (M) Fabio Berardi (M) 
Notes 1 Oct. 2016 - 1 Apr. 2017
Secretary General Giovanna Crescentini (F) 
Members (statutory / current number) 60 / 60

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Women (current number) 11 (18.33%)
Mode of designation directly elected 60
Notes The two Heads of State (Capitani Regenti) also serve as Speakers of the Great and General Council.
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 11 November 2012
(View details)
Address Consiglio Grande e Generale
Palazzo Pubblico
P.zza della Libertà
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (378) 0549 88 22 82
0549 88 51 75
Fax (378) 0549 88 28 39
0549 88 23 89
E-mail antonella.giardi@pa.sm


Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral law 23 December 1958
Last updated: 05.08.2008
Mode of designation directly elected 60
Constituencies 33 single or multi-member constituencies.
Voting system Proportional: Party-list system with proportional representation of seats using the d'Hondt method.
Voters may either vote for an election coalition or one of the parties in the coalition.
Electoral coalitions must present the composition of their prospective government and programmes before polling day.
The threshold to win parliamentary representation is determined by multiplying the number of lists participating in the elections by '0.4' (for instance, if there are six lists, the threshold will be 2.4 per cent). The maximum threshold is fixed at 3.5 per cent of the valid votes regardless of the number of lists. In the event that no party or coalition surpasses the threshold, elections will be repeated the following week.
If the coalition with the highest number of votes fails to win 35 seats, it is given "bonus seats" to meet the 35-seat requirement.
In cases where a party wins more seats than its total number of candidates, the seats will be distributed to the other parties in the same coalition.
Seats which become vacant between general elections are filled by the "next-in-line" candidate of the same party list.
The Great and General Council is wholly renewed if it loses one half plus one of its members.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- San Marino citizenship
- full possession of civil and political rights
- disqualifications: mental illness, deprivation of full legal capacity, conviction for electoral offences or crimes punished by detention of more than one year
Eligibility - qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- San Marino citizenship
- literacy
- domicile in San Marino
- ineligibilities: persons holding ecclesiastical offices or titles
Incompatibilities - consuls and honorary consuls of foreign States
- members of the police or security forces
- spouses, parents and children of Deputies
Candidacy requirements - candidature must be submitted by political parties. A minimum of one-third of candidates on a list must be from each gender.


Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 11 November 2012
Timing and scope of renewal The coalition for the "Common Good of San Marino" won the elections, taking 35 of the 60 seats at stake. During the campaign, it promised to work for financial stability and consolidation of the welfare state. The coalition included the Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party (PDCS), which was the largest party in the outgoing government, and the Party of Socialists and Democrats (PSD), which was previously the largest opposition party. "Agreement for the Country ", a coalition that pledged to put the people at the centre of economic choices and social policies, followed with 12 seats.
Date of previous elections: 9 November 2008

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 6 August 2012

Timing of election: Early elections

Expected date of next elections: November 2017

Number of seats at stake: 60 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 364 (229 men, 135 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 37.1%

Number of parties contesting the election: 6 electoral lists including three coalitions.

Number of parties winning seats: 8 (three coalitions comprising seven parties in all and one party which ran separately)

Alternation of power: N/A (The winning coalition in the 2012 elections included the major governmental and opposition parties)

Number of parties in government: 4

Names of parties in government: Christian Democratic Party (PDCS) - We Sammarinese (NS), Party of Socialists and Democrats (PSD) and Popular Alliance (AP)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 21 November 2012

Name of the new Speaker: The mandate of the two Heads of State (Capitani Regenti) - Mr. Teodoro Lonfernini (PDCS) and Ms. Denise Bronzetti of the Party of Socialists and Democrats (PSD) - is not affected by the general elections and thus continues until 1 April 2013.
Voter turnout
Round no 111 November 2012
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
21'138 (63.85%)
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
San Marino Common Good
Agreement for the Country
Active Citizenship
RETE Citizens' Movement
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
San Marino Common Good 35
Agreement for the Country 12
Active Citizenship 9
RETE Citizens' Movement 4
Distribution of seats according to sex


Percent of women


Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Great and General Council (20.11.2012, 09.04.2013)

The composition of the coalitions and the number of seats won are as follows.

San Marino Common Good
- Christian Democratic Party (PDCS) - We Sammarinese (NS): 21 seats
- Party of Socialists and Democrats (PSD): 10 seats
- Popular Alliance (AP): 4 seats

Agreement for the Country
- Socialist Party: 7 seats
- Union for the Republic (UPR): 5 seats

Active Citizenship
- United Left (SU): 5 seats
- Civic Movement 10 (Civico 10): 4 seats

RETE (Renewal, Equity, Transparency and Eco-sustainability) Citizens' Movement was not part of any coalitions.


Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Captains-Regent of the Great General Council
Term - duration: 6 months (1 April-30 September / 1 October-31 March);
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation
Appointment - elected by all Members of the Council
- the election of the two Captains-Regent is held in the second week of March and of September
- before members' mandates have been validated and they have been sworn in
Eligibility - any Member of the Great General Council may be a candidate except those elected in the past three years and aged under 25
- formal notification of candidature
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- first round by absolute majority; second round by simple majority
Procedures / results - the outgoing Captains-Regent preside over the Council during the voting
- the Voting Committee supervises the voting
- the Minister of the Interior announces the results without delay
- the law does not provide for challenging of the results

Status - also holds the post of Head of State
represents the Council with the authorities
- represents the Council in international bodies
- in the absence of the Captain-Regent, the second Captain-Regent can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the President's Board is regulated by the Law of 1976
- consists of the 2 Captains-Regent and Members of the Great General Council
- meets 45 days before the opening of each session after being convened by the Captains-Regent
- constitutes a collegial presidency
Material facilities - allowance
+ expense allowance : Lit. 4,500,000
- official car and chauffeur
Organization of parliamentary business The President's Board:
- convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensure respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- take disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lift such measures
- establish the list of speakers, give and withdraw permission to speak
- establish the order in which amendments are taken up and select which amendments are to be debated
- call for a vote, decide how it is to be carried out, verify the voting procedure and cancel a vote in the event of irregularities, in collaboration with the Bureau of the Secretariat
- check the quorum, in collaboration with the Bureau of the Secretariat
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interpret the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Council, relying on precedents
- have discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organize impromptu debates
Special powers - establish the budget with the President's Board
- are responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
- the President's Board is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments

Speaking and voting rights, other functions - take part in voting

This page was last updated on 3 October 2016
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