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SAN MARINO
Consiglio grande e generale (Great and General Council)

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1989 -
LEADERSHIP
President Mimma Zavoli (F) Vanessa D'Ambrosio (F) 
Notes 1 April - 1 Oct. 2017
Secretary General Giovanna Crescentini (F) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 60 / 60
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 16 (26.67%)
Mode of designation directly elected 60
Notes The two Heads of State (Capitani Regenti) also serve as Speakers of the Great and General Council.
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 20 November 2016
4 December 2016 (View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Consiglio Grande e Generale
Palazzo Pubblico
P.zza della Libertà
47890 SAN MARINO
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (378) 0549 88 22 82
0549 88 51 75
Fax (378) 0549 88 28 39
0549 88 23 89
E-mail antonella.giardi@pa.sm
segreteria.istituzionale1@pa.sm
Website
http://www.consigliograndeegenerale.sm

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 23 December 1958
Last updated: 23 Aug. 2016
Mode of designation directly elected 60
Constituencies 33 single or multi-member constituencies.
Voting system Proportional: Party-list system with proportional representation of seats using the d'Hondt method.
- Voters may either vote for an election coalition or one of the parties in the coalition. A voter may cast a preferential vote for one candidate on the list for which he/she voted.
- Electoral coalitions must present the composition of their prospective government and programmes before polling day.
- The threshold to win parliamentary representation is determined by multiplying the number of lists participating in the elections by 0.4 (for instance, if there are six lists, the threshold would be 2.4 per cent). The maximum threshold is fixed at 3.5 per cent of the valid votes, regardless of the number of lists.

-To be allowed to form a new Government, a list must obtain more than one half of the valid votes cast or a minimum of 30 seats. If no list meets this requirement, a second round will be held two weeks after the first round between the two lists that obtained the highest number of votes. With a view to ensuring a stable government, the winning list will be given "bonus seats" to secure a minimum of 35 seats.

- Seats within the list will firstly be attributed to candidates who received the highest number of preference votes. In case of a tie, preference will be given to women candidates, followed by duration of service as an MP and then in descending order of age.
- The "next-in-line" candidate of the same party list fills seats that become vacant between general elections.
- The Great and General Council is wholly renewed if it loses one half plus one of its members.

Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - Age: 18 years
- San Marino citizenship
- Full possession of civil and political rights
Disqualifications: mental illness, deprivation of full legal capacity, conviction for electoral offences or crimes punished by detention of more than one year
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - Qualified electors
- Age: 21 years on election day
- San Marino citizenship
- Literacy
- Domicile in San Marino
- Ineligibilities: persons holding ecclesiastical offices or titles
Incompatibilities - Consuls and honorary consuls of foreign States
- Members of the police or security forces
- Spouses, parents and children of Deputies
Candidacy requirements - Candidatures must be submitted by political parties or a group of individual candidates supported by 90 eligible voters.
- Each list must comprise between 12 and 60 candidates.
- At least one third of candidates on a list must be from each gender.

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)20 November 2016
4 December 2016
Timing and scope of renewal The Adesso.sm coalition (see note 1) defeated the ruling San Marino First coalition (see note 2) in the second round of parliamentary elections. The run-offs were necessary after the Democracy in Motion coalition (see note 3) scored highly in the first round, preventing the two major coalitions from winning the required 35 seats in the 60-member Great and General Council in the first round (see note 4). A record 14 women were elected.

The 2016 elections were the third consecutive early elections in the country. Elections were triggered when the ruling San Marino Common Good coalition lost its majority, after the Popular Alliance withdrew on 27 July , citing policy disagreements. The elections took place in a context of economic slowdown; Italian anti-money laundering measures reportedly affected the banking industry. During the election campaign, the major coalitions focused on the economy, tax reforms and the country’s further integration with the European Union.

The 2016 elections were the first to be held under the revised electoral law. Parliament initially made technical and logistic revisions in March 2016. 55% of voters then supported a referendum on 15 May, that reduced the number of preferential votes that each voter may cast from three to one.

Note 1:
The Adesso.sm coalition comprised the Future Republic (RF), the Civic Movement 10 (Civico 10) and the Democratic Socialist Left (SSD).

Note 2:
San Marino First coalition comprised the major parties in the San Marino Common Good coalition, which had won the 2012 elections – the Christian Democratic Party of San Marino (PDCS), the Party of Socialists and Democrats (PSD) and Sammarinese (NS) – as well as the Socialist Party.

Note 3:
The Democracy in Motion coalition comprised RETE Movement and the Democratic Movement San Marino Together. It didn’t support either of the two coalitions that advanced to run-offs.

Note 4:
To form a Government, a coalition list must obtain more than half of the valid votes cast or a minimum of 30 seats. If no list meets this requirement in the first round of voting, a second round is held two weeks later between the two lists that obtained the highest number of votes. If the list with the highest number of votes fails to win 35 seats, it receives "bonus seats" to meet the 35-seat requirement.
Date of previous elections: 11 November 2012

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 31 August 2016

Timing of election: Early elections

Expected date of next elections: November 2021

Number of seats at stake: 60 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 257 (164 men, 93 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 36.2%

Number of parties contesting the election: 11 lists *
*Including three coalitions and two single lists

Number of parties winning seats: 2*
*Three coalitions won parliamentary representations in the first round. Run-off votes involved two coalitions which obtained the highest number of votes in the first round.

Alternation of power: Yes

Number of parties in government: 1 coalition

Names of parties in government: Adesso.sm

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 12 December 2016

Name of the new Speaker: The mandate of the two Heads of State (Capitani Regenti) - Mr. Marino Riccardi (PDCS) and Mr. Fabio Berardi (PDCS) - is not affected by the general elections and thus continues until 1 April 2017.
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 1 (from/to)20 November 2016
4 December 2016
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
33'985
20'272 (59.65%)

Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Adesso.sm
San Marino First
Democracy in Motion
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats 1st round
Adesso.sm 35 20
San Marino First 25 25
Democracy in Motion 0 15
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
46

14

23.33%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
Great and General Council (06.12.2016, 28.12.2016)
http://www.elezionipolitiche.sm/elezioni2016/
http://www.elezioni.sm/on-line/home/elezioni-politiche/elezioni-del-20112016/coalizioni-e-liste.html
http://www.osce.org/odihr/elections/san-marino/280341?download=true
https://www.euractiv.com/section/elections/news/san-marino-suffers-its-own-election-upset/
http://satprnews.com
http://www.libertas.sm/
http://www.adesso.sm/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/programma-adesso-sm-10-ott-016.pdf.pdf

PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE
Title Captains-Regent of the Great General Council
Term - duration: 6 months (1 April-30 September / 1 October-31 March);
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation
Appointment - elected by all Members of the Council
- the election of the two Captains-Regent is held in the second week of March and of September
- before members' mandates have been validated and they have been sworn in
Eligibility - any Member of the Great General Council may be a candidate except those elected in the past three years and aged under 25
- formal notification of candidature
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- first round by absolute majority; second round by simple majority
Procedures / results - the outgoing Captains-Regent preside over the Council during the voting
- the Voting Committee supervises the voting
- the Minister of the Interior announces the results without delay
- the law does not provide for challenging of the results

STATUS
Status - also holds the post of Head of State
represents the Council with the authorities
- represents the Council in international bodies
- in the absence of the Captain-Regent, the second Captain-Regent can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the President's Board is regulated by the Law of 1976
- consists of the 2 Captains-Regent and Members of the Great General Council
- meets 45 days before the opening of each session after being convened by the Captains-Regent
- constitutes a collegial presidency
Material facilities - allowance
+ expense allowance : Lit. 4,500,000
- official car and chauffeur
FUNCTIONS
Organization of parliamentary business The President's Board:
- convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensure respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- take disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lift such measures
- establish the list of speakers, give and withdraw permission to speak
- establish the order in which amendments are taken up and select which amendments are to be debated
- call for a vote, decide how it is to be carried out, verify the voting procedure and cancel a vote in the event of irregularities, in collaboration with the Bureau of the Secretariat
- check the quorum, in collaboration with the Bureau of the Secretariat
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interpret the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Council, relying on precedents
- have discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organize impromptu debates
Special powers - establish the budget with the President's Board
- are responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
- the President's Board is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments

Speaking and voting rights, other functions - take part in voting

This page was last updated on 2 May 2017
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