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SAN MARINO
Consiglio grande e generale (Great and General Council)

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1989 -
LEADERSHIP
President Marino Riccardi (M) Fabio Berardi (M) 
Notes 1 Oct. 2016 - 1 Apr. 2017
Secretary General Giovanna Crescentini (F) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 60 / 60
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 16 (26.67%)
Mode of designation directly elected 60
Notes The two Heads of State (Capitani Regenti) also serve as Speakers of the Great and General Council.
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 20 November 2016
4 December 2016 (View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Consiglio Grande e Generale
Palazzo Pubblico
P.zza della Libertà
47890 SAN MARINO
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (378) 0549 88 22 82
0549 88 51 75
Fax (378) 0549 88 28 39
0549 88 23 89
E-mail antonella.giardi@pa.sm
segreteria.istituzionale1@pa.sm
Website
http://www.consigliograndeegenerale.sm

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 23 December 1958
Last updated: 23 Aug. 2016
Mode of designation directly elected 60
Constituencies 33 single or multi-member constituencies.
Voting system Proportional: Party-list system with proportional representation of seats using the d'Hondt method.
- Voters may either vote for an election coalition or one of the parties in the coalition. A voter may cast a preferential vote for one candidate on the list for which he/she voted.
- Electoral coalitions must present the composition of their prospective government and programmes before polling day.
- The threshold to win parliamentary representation is determined by multiplying the number of lists participating in the elections by 0.4 (for instance, if there are six lists, the threshold would be 2.4 per cent). The maximum threshold is fixed at 3.5 per cent of the valid votes, regardless of the number of lists.

-To be allowed to form a new Government, a list must obtain more than one half of the valid votes cast or a minimum of 30 seats. If no list meets this requirement, a second round will be held two weeks after the first round between the two lists that obtained the highest number of votes. With a view to ensuring a stable government, the winning list will be given "bonus seats" to secure a minimum of 35 seats.

- Seats within the list will firstly be attributed to candidates who received the highest number of preference votes. In case of a tie, preference will be given to women candidates, followed by duration of service as an MP and then in descending order of age.
- The "next-in-line" candidate of the same party list fills seats that become vacant between general elections.
- The Great and General Council is wholly renewed if it loses one half plus one of its members.

Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - Age: 18 years
- San Marino citizenship
- Full possession of civil and political rights
Disqualifications: mental illness, deprivation of full legal capacity, conviction for electoral offences or crimes punished by detention of more than one year
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - Qualified electors
- Age: 21 years on election day
- San Marino citizenship
- Literacy
- Domicile in San Marino
- Ineligibilities: persons holding ecclesiastical offices or titles
Incompatibilities - Consuls and honorary consuls of foreign States
- Members of the police or security forces
- Spouses, parents and children of Deputies
Candidacy requirements - Candidatures must be submitted by political parties or a group of individual candidates supported by 90 eligible voters.
- Each list must comprise between 12 and 60 candidates.
- At least one third of candidates on a list must be from each gender.

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)20 November 2016
4 December 2016
Timing and scope of renewal Elections were held for all seats in the Great and General Council following the premature dissolution of this body on 31 August 2016. Elections had previously taken place in November 2012.
Text is being prepared.
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 1 (from/to)20 November 2016
4 December 2016
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
33'985
20'272 (59.65%)

Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Adesso.sm
San Marino First
Democracy in Motion
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats 1st round
Adesso.sm 35 20
San Marino First 25 25
Democracy in Motion 0 15
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
46

14

23.33%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
Great and General Council (06.12.2016, 28.12.2016)
http://www.elezionipolitiche.sm/elezioni2016/

PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE
Title Captains-Regent of the Great General Council
Term - duration: 6 months (1 April-30 September / 1 October-31 March);
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation
Appointment - elected by all Members of the Council
- the election of the two Captains-Regent is held in the second week of March and of September
- before members' mandates have been validated and they have been sworn in
Eligibility - any Member of the Great General Council may be a candidate except those elected in the past three years and aged under 25
- formal notification of candidature
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- first round by absolute majority; second round by simple majority
Procedures / results - the outgoing Captains-Regent preside over the Council during the voting
- the Voting Committee supervises the voting
- the Minister of the Interior announces the results without delay
- the law does not provide for challenging of the results

STATUS
Status - also holds the post of Head of State
represents the Council with the authorities
- represents the Council in international bodies
- in the absence of the Captain-Regent, the second Captain-Regent can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the President's Board is regulated by the Law of 1976
- consists of the 2 Captains-Regent and Members of the Great General Council
- meets 45 days before the opening of each session after being convened by the Captains-Regent
- constitutes a collegial presidency
Material facilities - allowance
+ expense allowance : Lit. 4,500,000
- official car and chauffeur
FUNCTIONS
Organization of parliamentary business The President's Board:
- convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensure respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- take disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lift such measures
- establish the list of speakers, give and withdraw permission to speak
- establish the order in which amendments are taken up and select which amendments are to be debated
- call for a vote, decide how it is to be carried out, verify the voting procedure and cancel a vote in the event of irregularities, in collaboration with the Bureau of the Secretariat
- check the quorum, in collaboration with the Bureau of the Secretariat
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interpret the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Council, relying on precedents
- have discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organize impromptu debates
Special powers - establish the budget with the President's Board
- are responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
- the President's Board is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments

Speaking and voting rights, other functions - take part in voting

This page was last updated on 1 January 2017
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