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National Assembly

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

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Parliament name Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name National Assembly
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) National Council of Provinces
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 7 May 2014
Purpose of elections President Jacob Zuma's African National Congress (ANC) won the elections, taking 249 of the 400 seats at stake in the National Assembly. The main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA), led by Ms. Helen Zille, came in second with 89 seats, up from 67 in the previous legislature. Four parties entered Parliament for the first time. They include the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), a new party led by former leader of ANC's Youth League, Mr. Julius Malema, which came in third with 25 seats. The remaining 37 seats went to ten other parties. On 21 May, the National Assembly elected Ms. Baleka Mbete as its Speaker and re-elected Mr. Zuma as the country's President.

During the election campaign, the ANC ran on the government's record, underscoring how life in South Africa had improved during 20 years of ANC rule since the first democratic elections in 1994. It promised to create decent jobs by directing the State to progressively buy at least 75% of its goods and services from South African producers. The DA criticized the ANC for not doing enough to tackle unemployment. It pledged to stop corruption. The EFF, which qualifies itself as Marxist-Leninist, promised the equal redistribution of lands and the nationalization of mines, banks and other strategic sectors of the economy, without compensation.

The 2014 elections were the first to be held since the death in December 2013 of the national icon and former President Nelson Mandela (ANC), who had led the country after the end of apartheid in 1994. So-called "born frees" (those born after 1994) voted for the first time in 2014. A record 33 parties - up from 27 in 2009 - contested the elections.
Date of previous elections: 22 April 2009

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: N/A

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: May 2019

Number of seats at stake: 400 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 4,254 (2,089 candidates on the national lists and 2,165 on the regional lists)

Percentage of women candidates: Not available.

Number of parties contesting the election: 29

Number of parties winning seats: 13

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1

Names of parties in government: African National Congress (ANC)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 21 May 2014

Name of the new Speaker: Ms. Baleka Mbete (ANC)
Voter turnout
Round no 17 May 2014
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
18'654'771 (73.48%)
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
African National Congress (ANC)
Democratic Alliance (DA)
Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF)
Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)
National Freedom Party (NFP)
Freedom Front Plus (VF Plus)
United Democratic Movement (UDM)
African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP)
African Independent Congress (AIC)
Congress of the People (COPE)
Agang SA
African Peoples' Convention (APC)
Pan Africanist Congress (PAC)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
African National Congress (ANC) 249
Democratic Alliance (DA) 89
Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) 25
Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) 10
National Freedom Party (NFP) 6
Freedom Front Plus (VF Plus) 4
United Democratic Movement (UDM) 4
African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) 3
African Independent Congress (AIC) 3
Congress of the People (COPE) 3
Agang SA 2
African Peoples' Convention (APC) 1
Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Parliament (03.06.2014, 05.06.2014, 29.08.2014, 15.04.2015, 09.09.2015, 16.10.2015, 28.01.2016, 10.02.2016, 10.06.2016, 01.08.2016, 19.08.2016, 24.08.2016, 25.08.2016, 07.09.2016)

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