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TAJIKISTAN
Majlisi namoyandogon (House of Representatives)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Oversight and Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Majlisi Oli / Supreme Council
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Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlisi namoyandogon / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlisi milli / National Assembly
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1997 -
LEADERSHIP
President Shukurjon Zuhurov (M) 
Notes Elected on 16 Mar. 2010.
Secretary General Hamrokhon Rasulov (M) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 63 / 63
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 10 (15.87%)
Mode of designation directly elected 63
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 28 February 2010
14 March 2010 (View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Majlisi namoyandagon Majlisi Oli
Republic of Tajikistan
Dushanbe Rudaki ave. 42
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (992 372) 21 23 66
21 01 41
Fax (992 372) 21 92 81
E-mail mejparl@mail.ru
Website
http://www.tajik-gateway.org/index.phtml?lang=en&id=31
http://www.parlament.tj/

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Majlisi Oli / Supreme Council
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlisi namoyandogon / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlisi milli / National Assembly
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 10 December 1999
Law on Elections to the Majlisi Oli (last amended on 16.06.2004)
Mode of designation directly elected 63
Constituencies - 41 single-member constituencies.
- One nationwide constituency for 22 seats (under the proportional representation system)
Voting system Mixed: Mixed system:
- Proportional representation using the party list for 22 seats. Parties must surpass a 5-per-cent threshold to win parliamentary representation.
- Majority: Absolute majority vote in two rounds.
In each constituency, at least 50% of the electorate must participate for the poll to be valid and candidates are declared elected if they obtain more than 50% of the votes cast. Should one of these conditions not be met, a second round of elections must take place.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Tajik citizenship
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Tajik citizenship
Incompatibilities - Head of State
- members of the other chamber
- ministers of State
- holders of public posts
- holders of judicial offices (judges)
- members of the armed forces
Candidacy requirements Deposit of 7,000 somoni (about US$ 1,600) per candidate, refundable to candidates elected in the single-member constituencies and parties that surpass the 5-per-cent threshold.

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Majlisi Oli / Supreme Council
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlisi namoyandogon / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlisi milli / National Assembly
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)28 February 2010
14 March 2010
Timing and scope of renewal Elections were held for all seats in the House of Representatives on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.
The third elections since the end of the civil war in 1997 were held for the House of Representatives on 28 February 2010.

In the previous elections held in February and March 2005, the People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT), led by President Emomali Rahmon, won 52 of the 63 seats at stake. President Rahmon has been in power since 1992 and his PDPT has held an absolute majority in the House of Representatives since a party-based election system was introduced in 2000. The Communist Party of Tajikistan (CPT) and the Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) took four and two seats respectively, while the remaining five seats went to independent candidates.

In May 2009, the CPT proposed to abolish the deposit for candidates, currently set at 7,000 somoni (about US$ 1,600) per candidate. It argued that very few people could afford such an amount in a country where well-educated professionals earn US$ 150 per month. However, the amount of the deposit remained unchanged for the 2010 elections.

A total of 221 candidates, including 22 women, representing the country's eight registered parties, contested the 2010 elections. In addition to the three parliamentary parties (the PDPT, the CPT and the IRPT), two pro-government parties were vying for seats: the Party of Economic Reforms of Tajikistan and the Agrarian Party of Tajikistan.

Prior to the elections, Speaker Saidullo Hairulloev (PDPT) announced that he would not contest the 2010 elections. The Minister of Labour and Social Security, Mr. Shukurjon Zuhurov, contested the Speaker's constituency.

In the run-up to the elections, the State media chose to focus on the PDPT government's efforts to meet the country's electricity needs and to export power to neighbouring Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Mr. Shodi Shabdolov's CPT called for greater social justice, promising to provide education, medical care and old age with dignity for everybody.

The IRPT, led by Mr. Mukhiddin Kabiri, aimed to be able to form a parliamentary group in the new House of Representatives. The IRPT, which had fought President Rahmon's government in a civil war that lasted from 1992-1997, is the only religious political party in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) whose activities are not sanctioned by the Constitution. The party's membership had doubled to 35,000 since the previous elections in 2005.

The Central Commission for Elections and Referenda (CCER) announced that 90.84 per cent of the 3.6 million registered voters turned out at the polls.

The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) said that elections had taken place in "a generally good atmosphere". However, it noted serious irregularities, including a high prevalence of family and proxy voting and cases of ballot box stuffing, and declared that the election had failed to meet basic democratic standards. The CIS declared that the elections had been "democratic, transparent and free". The CIS also noted many cases of family voting (one family member casts ballots on behalf of the entire family), but said that this kind of violation was typical for practically all the CIS member nations.

The PDPT won 54 of the 62 seats confirmed in the first round. The CPT, the IRPT, the Agrarian Party of Tajikistan and the Party of Economic Reforms of Tajikistan took two seats each. IRPT leader Mukhiddin Kabiri claimed that his party had won 30 per cent of votes, instead of the 8 per cent announced by the CCER.

In the municipal elections that were held concurrently with the parliamentary elections, Mr. Rustami Emomali, President Rahmon's 23-year-old son, who is widely considered to be in line to succeed his father, was elected to the City Council of the capital Dushanbe.

In the run-off elections held on 14 March, the PDPT candidate won the remaining seat, bringing the party's share to 55. In all, 12 women, all members of the PDPT, were elected.

On 16 March, the newly elected House of Representatives held its first session and elected Mr. Shukurjon Zuhurov (PDPT) as its Speaker.
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 128 February 2010
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
3'621'174
3'289'377 (90.84%)
21'710
3'267'667
Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT) 2'321'436 71.04
Communist Party of Tajikistan (CPT) 229'080 7.01
Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) 268'096 8.20
Agrarian Party of Tajikistan 166'935 5.11
Party of Economic Reforms of Tajikistan 165'324 5.06
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats Majority Proportional
People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT) 55 39 16
Communist Party of Tajikistan (CPT) 2 0 2
Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) 2 0 2
Agrarian Party of Tajikistan 2 1 1
Party of Economic Reforms of Tajikistan 2 1 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
51

12

19.05%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Source: House of Representatives (23.06.2010, 01.01.2014)
Note on the "Distribution of seats":
In the run-off elections held on 14 March, a PDPT candidate won the remaining seat, bringing the party's share to 55.

PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Majlisi Oli / Supreme Council
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlisi namoyandogon / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlisi milli / National Assembly
APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE
Title Chairman of the Majlisi Oli
Term - duration: 5 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, vote of no confidence, pronouncement of incompetence by a court of law, invalidation of elections, death
Appointment - elected by all Members of the Majlisi Oli
- before mandates have been validated
Eligibility - any Member may be a candidate
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- an absolute majority is required
Procedures / results - the outgoing Chairman presides over the Majlisi Oli during the voting
- the Central Committee for Elections and Referenda supervises the voting
- the outgoing Chairman announces the results without delay
STATUS
Status - ranks second in the hierarchy of State
- may act as interim Head of State in the latter's absence
- represents the Majlisi Oli with the authorities
- represents the Majlisi Oli in international bodies
- in the absence of the Chairman, the First Vice-Chairman can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Presidium is regulated by the Standing Orders
- consists of the Chairman, the Vice-Chairmen, and the Chairmen of committees and standing committees
- is only entrusted with assisting the Chairman
Material facilities NA (no information received)
FUNCTIONS
Organization of parliamentary business NA (no information received)
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda according to the Standing Orders
Special powers - supervises the services of the Majlisi Oli
- plays a particular role in the conduct of foreign policy and defence
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- takes part in voting
- proposes bills or amendments as a Member of Parliament
- sends the laws adopted by the Majlisi Oli to the Head of State for signature

This page was last updated on 31 January 2014
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