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TAJIKISTAN
Majlisi namoyandogon (House of Representatives)
LAST ELECTIONS

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name (generic / translated) Majlisi Oli / Supreme Council
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlisi namoyandogon / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlisi milli / National Assembly
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)28 February 2010
14 March 2010
Purpose of elections Elections were held for all seats in the House of Representatives on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.
The third elections since the end of the civil war in 1997 were held for the House of Representatives on 28 February 2010.

In the previous elections held in February and March 2005, the People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT), led by President Emomali Rahmon, won 52 of the 63 seats at stake. President Rahmon has been in power since 1992 and his PDPT has held an absolute majority in the House of Representatives since a party-based election system was introduced in 2000. The Communist Party of Tajikistan (CPT) and the Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) took four and two seats respectively, while the remaining five seats went to independent candidates.

In May 2009, the CPT proposed to abolish the deposit for candidates, currently set at 7,000 somoni (about US$ 1,600) per candidate. It argued that very few people could afford such an amount in a country where well-educated professionals earn US$ 150 per month. However, the amount of the deposit remained unchanged for the 2010 elections.

A total of 221 candidates, including 22 women, representing the country's eight registered parties, contested the 2010 elections. In addition to the three parliamentary parties (the PDPT, the CPT and the IRPT), two pro-government parties were vying for seats: the Party of Economic Reforms of Tajikistan and the Agrarian Party of Tajikistan.

Prior to the elections, Speaker Saidullo Hairulloev (PDPT) announced that he would not contest the 2010 elections. The Minister of Labour and Social Security, Mr. Shukurjon Zuhurov, contested the Speaker's constituency.

In the run-up to the elections, the State media chose to focus on the PDPT government's efforts to meet the country's electricity needs and to export power to neighbouring Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Mr. Shodi Shabdolov's CPT called for greater social justice, promising to provide education, medical care and old age with dignity for everybody.

The IRPT, led by Mr. Mukhiddin Kabiri, aimed to be able to form a parliamentary group in the new House of Representatives. The IRPT, which had fought President Rahmon's government in a civil war that lasted from 1992-1997, is the only religious political party in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) whose activities are not sanctioned by the Constitution. The party's membership had doubled to 35,000 since the previous elections in 2005.

The Central Commission for Elections and Referenda (CCER) announced that 90.84 per cent of the 3.6 million registered voters turned out at the polls.

The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) said that elections had taken place in "a generally good atmosphere". However, it noted serious irregularities, including a high prevalence of family and proxy voting and cases of ballot box stuffing, and declared that the election had failed to meet basic democratic standards. The CIS declared that the elections had been "democratic, transparent and free". The CIS also noted many cases of family voting (one family member casts ballots on behalf of the entire family), but said that this kind of violation was typical for practically all the CIS member nations.

The PDPT won 54 of the 62 seats confirmed in the first round. The CPT, the IRPT, the Agrarian Party of Tajikistan and the Party of Economic Reforms of Tajikistan took two seats each. IRPT leader Mukhiddin Kabiri claimed that his party had won 30 per cent of votes, instead of the 8 per cent announced by the CCER.

In the municipal elections that were held concurrently with the parliamentary elections, Mr. Rustami Emomali, President Rahmon's 23-year-old son, who is widely considered to be in line to succeed his father, was elected to the City Council of the capital Dushanbe.

In the run-off elections held on 14 March, the PDPT candidate won the remaining seat, bringing the party's share to 55. In all, 12 women, all members of the PDPT, were elected.

On 16 March, the newly elected House of Representatives held its first session and elected Mr. Shukurjon Zuhurov (PDPT) as its Speaker.
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 128 February 2010
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
3'621'174
3'289'377 (90.84%)
21'710
3'267'667
Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT) 2'321'436 71.04
Communist Party of Tajikistan (CPT) 229'080 7.01
Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) 268'096 8.20
Agrarian Party of Tajikistan 166'935 5.11
Party of Economic Reforms of Tajikistan 165'324 5.06
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total Majority Proportional
People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT) 55 39 16
Communist Party of Tajikistan (CPT) 2 0 2
Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) 2 0 2
Agrarian Party of Tajikistan 2 1 1
Party of Economic Reforms of Tajikistan 2 1 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men
Women
Percent of women
51
12
19.05%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Source: House of Representatives (23.06.2010, 01.01.2014)
Note on the "Distribution of seats":
In the run-off elections held on 14 March, a PDPT candidate won the remaining seat, bringing the party's share to 55.

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