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EGYPT
Majlis Ash-Shura (Shoura Assembly)
ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name -
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majlis Ash-Shura / Shoura Assembly
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis Al-Chaab / People's Assembly
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral Law 1 January 1972
last amendment: 23 July 2011
Mode of designation directly elected 180
appointed 90
Constituencies - 60 multi-member constituencies (districts) for the 120 seats filled under the proportional representation system.
- 30 two-member constituencies (districts) for the 60 seats filled under the majority system.
Voting system Mixed: - 120 (two-thirds of the 180 directly-elected seats) are filled by proportional representation, using party/coalition lists. Each list must include at least one woman candidate. Seats will be allocated proportionally based on a party's showing in each of the 60 districts. Each party list must to secure over 0.5 per cent of the votes nationwide to win parliamentary representation.
- 60 are filled by the majority system with possible run-offs. Candidates who secure over 50 per cent of the valid votes are declared elected provided that at least one of the two members in each constituency is a worker or a farmer. If the two successful candidates in a constituency are not workers or farmers, the one with the highest number of votes is declared elected and a run-off election is held a week later among the highest-standing workers and farmers.
Similarly, if no candidate obtains an absolute majority in a constituency, a run-off poll is held a week later among the four best-placed contestants, provided that at least half of them are workers or farmers. The two with the highest number of votes are declared elected provided that at least one is either a worker or a farmer.
Vacancies between general elections are filled through by-elections or appointment, as the case may be.
Voting is compulsory for men; failure to do so can result in a fine of E£ 20.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Egyptian citizenship (or naturalized for at least five years)
- disqualifications: Police and military officers, unrehabilitated persons convicted of a felony, persons whose property is under sequestration, persons who have been imprisoned for certain crimes, civil servants or employees of the public sector dismissed for dishonourable reasons (in five years preceding election), and persons placed under guardianship within five years of election
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - qualified voters
- age: 35 years
- Egyptian citizenship (or naturalized for at least 10 years)
- descendant of an Egyptian father
- proficiency in reading and writing
- completion of/exemption from military service
Incompatibilities unless excepted:
- government and public sector posts/employees
- posts in foreign companies
- membership of other assemblies or councils
- mayors
Candidacy requirements - For the proportional representation system: candidature must be submitted by a political party or a coalition of parties.
- For the majority system: candidature must be submitted by individuals or political parties.
- monetary deposit of E£ 200

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