ELECTIONS HELD IN 1993
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|2 May 1993
6 October 1993
|After postponement for technical reasons, the first round of the 1993 elections finally took place on 2 May. Of the 125 National Assembly seats, 114 were won outright, 62 of these going to the Presidential Tendency coalition, grouped around UPADS, and 49 were captured by the opposition URD-PCT coalition, led by Mr. Kolelas.
The second round of voting, ultimately held on 6 June in the remaining 11 constituencies, was surrounded by controversy. The opposition coalition, which had alleged widespread irregularities in the first round and demanded repeated voting in a number of cases, boycotted the poll. Violence resulting in some deaths marred the voting process in Brazzaville.
Seven seats were reportedly won by the Presidential Tendency of Mr. Lissouba and four by the Union for Democracy and the Republic (UDR), the party of Mr. André Milongo, former transitional Prime Minister. As announced by the Minister of the Interior on 11 June, this outcome gave an overall tally of 69 seats to the Presidential Tendency, 49 to the opposition coalition, six to the UDR and one seat to the Patriotic Union for National Renewal (UPRN). Once again, there were calls for fresh elections.
Differences between the two main opponents crystallized with the appointment of rival governments. On 23 June, Mr. Lissouba named as Prime Minister General Jacques-Joachim Yhombi-Opango, leader of RDD; his Cabinet was announced two days later. At the same time, the opposition declared that it had chosen Mr.Jean-Pierre Thystere-Tchicaya, leader of the RDPS, to head a parallel “government of national salvation”. On 29 June, the Supreme Court decided that the 1993 general elections were irregular, in that they were not held in conformity with regulations in force. The Court, however, added that this did not have the “power to suspend” the operation of institutions established as a result of the elections. The newly-elected National Assembly in fact held its inaugural session on 25 June. On 5 July, the opposition coalition called for the dissolution of Gen. Opango’s Government and the National Assembly because they were both based on illegally proclaimed elections.
On 4 August, it was decided that second round voting would be repeated. This took place on 3 and 6 October, resulting in the distribution of Assembly seats given below.
|Round no 1: Distribution of seats|
|Presidential Tendency coalition||64|
|Union for Democratic Renewal (URD) - PCT||58|
|Union for Democracy and the Republic (UDR) - Mounia||2|
|Patriotic Union for National Renewal (UPRN)||1|
Copyright © 1993 Inter-Parliamentary Union