EGYPT
Parliamentary Chamber: Majlis Al-Chaab

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1995

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Chamber:
  Majlis Al-Chaab


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  29 November 1995
6 December 1995


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the popularly chosen seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.


Background and outcome of elections:

  General elections had previously been held five years earlier to the day. The 1995 dates were set by presidential decree on 14 October 1995. Registration of candidates for the 444 elective seats of the People's Assembly took place from 23 October to 2 November. As opposed to 1990, all main parties in opposition to the ruling National Democratic Party (NDP) of President of the Republic Hosni Mubarak were in the running. Among these was the Moslem Brotherhood, which contested 150 constituencies with independents. Altogether a record number of some 4000 candidates (including many independents but few women) and 16 parties were in contention.

Monitored by members of the Egyptian Judiciary (but not international observers), the first polling day saw a relatively low voter turnout and sporadic violence, with a number of deaths from election-related clashes. Results gave the NDP a large majority, with 123 of the 136 seats decided, the remaining 13 going to independents as opposition groups alleged irregularities. The second round was contested by some 610 candidates in 168 constituencies. Also violent, it confirmed the NDP's overwhelming majority, the opposition capturing but 14 seats as it again called into question the procedures used. On 7 December, 99 of the 113 successful independents joined the ranks of the NDP to raise the latter's Assembly total to 416 seats. On 11 December, President Mubarak appointed the 10 additional Deputies, which include six Coptic Christians. Two days later, the inaugural session of the People's Assembly was held amid continuing controversy over the reported results. On 3 January 1996, the Cabinet was reshuffled; it is headed by Prime Minister Kamal Ahmed Ganzouri.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (29 November 1995): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 20,987,453
Voters 10,072,017 (47.99%)
Blank or invalid ballot papers 259,075
Valid votes 9,812,942

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
National Democratic Party (NDP) 318
New Wafd Party 6
Progressive Unionist Party 5
Nasserite Party 1
Liberal Party 1
Labour Party 1
Independents 112
Appointed members 10

Comments:
  Subsequent to the poll, 99 of the independents reportedly joined the NDP

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 445
Women: 9

Distribution of seats according to age:  
30 - 39 years 27
40 - 49 years 118
50 - 59 years 196
60 - 69 years 94
70 - 79 years 15
80 - 89 years 2
Undetermined 2


Distribution of seats according to profession:

 
Workers 170
Farmers 62
Others 222


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Copyright 1995 Inter-Parliamentary Union