GUINEA-BISSAU
Parliamentary Chamber: Assembleia nacional popular

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1994

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Chamber:
  Assembleia nacional popular


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  3 July 1994


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members’ term of office.


Background and outcome of elections:

  The National People’s Assembly had previously been elected for five years in June 1989. After constitutional reforms introducing multipartyism were adopted in May 1991, polling was first scheduled for late 1992, then postponed three times before definitely being set on 11 May 1994.

In both the legislative and simultaneous presidential contests, the ruling African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) was for the first time challenged by several other groups, some in coalition. Altogether 1136 candidates vied for the 100 Assembly seats while seven presidential hopefuls challenged incumbent Joao Bernardo Vieira, who came to power in the November 1980 coup d’Etat. The campaign lasted from 12 June to 1 July.

Polling (extended by 48 hours due to logistical problems) was monitored by international observers, who subsequently declared the procedures to have been generally free and fair. A total of 62 Assembly seats went to the left-wing PAIGC (which has retained its name despite breaking with Cape Verde party years before), which topped four others gaining representation including the Party of Social Renovation (PRS) of main presidential challenger Koumba Yalla, who was backed by the other opposition parties and ultimately lost out by a narrow margin to Mr. Vieira in a rung-off election on 7 August. Mr. Yalla promptly alleged fraud and declared that the opposition would not participate in the new government.

The newly elected Assembly first met on 17 August. On 25 October, President Vieira named PAIGC secretary general Manuel Saturnino da Costa as Prime Minister. On 18 November, the latter formed his Government, which comprised members of his party except for one portfolio held by the Bafata Movement.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (3 July 1994): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 396,938

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group %
Ruling African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) 46.0
Guinea-Bissau Resistance/Bafata Movement (RGB-MB) 19.2
Party of Social Renovation (PRS) 10.3
Union for Change (UM) 12.8
Liberation Front (FLING) 2.5
Others 8.4

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Ruling African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) 62
Guinea-Bissau Resistance/Bafata Movement (RGB-MB) 19
Party of Social Renovation (PRS) 12
Union for Change (UM) 6
Liberation Front (FLING) 1
Others 0

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 90
Women: 10


<<< Return to the Historical Archive page of parliamentary election results for GUINEA-BISSAU <<<

Copyright 1994 Inter-Parliamentary Union