ELECTIONS HELD IN 1994
<<< Return to the Historical Archive page of parliamentary election results for KAZAKHSTAN <<<
|7 March 1994|
|Elections were held for all the elective seats of the Parliament provided for in the Constitution of January 1993. General elections for the former 360-seat Supreme Soviet had last taken place in March 1990, prior to the attainment of independence in December 1991.|
|The outgoing Supreme Soviet dissolved itself on 13 December 1993, five days after having set the March 1994 election date for a new, full-time professional legislature. In the meantime, certain of the Supreme Kenges’ powers were delegated to President of the Republic Nursultan Nazarbayev until the polling.
The parliamentary elections – held concurrently with those on the local level – were the first since adoption of the independence Constitution in January 1993, which also provided for a multiparty system. On this basis, the President’s own Union of People’s Unity of Kazakhstan party was challenged by several newly formed groups, especially the People’s Congress of Kazakhstan. After reduction through a screening process, 754 candidates were approved to contest the 135 popularly chosen seats. Candidates for the 42 "state list" mandates totalled 65.
The two-month campaign was marked by talk of the country's economy, President Nazarbayev committing himself to the free-market system and continued reforms particularly in the banking and tax spheres with the aim of attracting foreign investment.
Polling procedures were monitored by foreign observers, especially a parliamentary delegation of the CSCE, which called into question the free and fair nature of the vote. Final results gave a clear majority to supporters of the President and a total of approximately 60% of the parliamentary seats to ethnic Kazakhs. The Council of Ministers is headed by Prime Minister Sergei Tereshchenko.
|Round no 1 (7 March 1994): Elections results|
|Round no 1: Distribution of seats|
|Union of People's Unity of Kazakhstan||33|
|Trades Union Federation||11|
|People's Congress of Kazakhstan||9|
|Lad (Harmony) Movement||4|
|Other parties and groups||7|
|Excluding the 42 "state list" Deputies.|
|Distribution of seats according to sex:|
Copyright © 1994 Inter-Parliamentary Union