YUGOSLAVIA
Parliamentary Chamber: Vece Gradjana

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1992

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Chamber:
  Vece Gradjana


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  20 December 1992
3 January 1993


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament following the premature dissolution of this body on the basis of constitutional amendments adopted in September 1992. General elections had previously been held in May 1992.


Background and outcome of elections:

  The date of the elections was announced on 24 October and the two-month campaign opened the same day. Parliamentary polling at the federal level was held simultaneously with presidential and legislative voting within the constituent republics of Serbian and Montenegro.

Fore the 138 Chamber of Citizens seats, 1276 candidates were approved by polling committees. Lists of nominees were submitted by 28 parties, five coalitions and three citizen’s groups. Main issues debated included the lifting of the United Nations Security Council sanctions in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the economic development of the country and the ongoing conflict pitting Serbian forces against those of former Yugoslav republics of Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Voting procedures were witnessed by some 100 foreign observers from 20 countries.

Polling results bore out a strong Serb nationalist feeling as the Socialist Party of Serbia led by Mr. Slobodan Milosevic, emerged as the leading party among the 10 that gained parliamentary representation, with 47 seats, followed by the extremist Serbian Radical Party. The former, however, lost its absolute majority in the Chamber as it relinquished a total of 27 seats. A new coalition – the main opposition Democratic Movement of Serbia DEPOS – came in third. Certain observers, including a team fielded by the CSCE (Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe), concluded that the federal polling was neither free nor fair.

In the Serbian presidential contest, Mr. Milosevic, with hard-line views, was re-elected over Prime Minister and opposition leader Milan Panic. On 29 December, Mr. Panic was removed from his office pursuant to a vote of no confidence which had been tabled by the Radical Party.

STATISTICS
Round no 1: Elections results  
Number of registered electors 7,394,772
Voters 4,983,606 (67.39%)
Blank or invalid ballot papers 273,614
Valid votes 4,709,992

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Socialist Party of Serbia 108 1,478,918 31.4
Serbian Radical Party 134 1,056,539 22.4
Democratic Movement of Serbia DEPOS 108 809,731 17.2
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro 30 130,431 2.8
Democratic Party 79 280,183 6.0
Socialist Party of Montenegro 30 36,390 0.8
People’s Party of Montenegro 29 34,436 0.7
Democratic Union of Vojvodina Hungarians 24 106,036 2.3
Coalition of the Democratic Party and the Democratic Party of Reformists of Vojvodina 12 101,234 2.2
Coalition of the Democratic Party of Reformists and the Civil Party 12 58,505 1.3

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Socialist Party of Serbia 47
Serbian Radical Party 34
Democratic Movement of Serbia DEPOS 20
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro 17
Democratic Party 5
Socialist Party of Montenegro 5
People’s Party of Montenegro 4
Democratic Union of Vojvodina Hungarians 3
Coalition of the Democratic Party and the Democratic Party of Reformists of Vojvodina 2
Coalition of the Democratic Party of Reformists and the Civil Party 1

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 173
Women: 5

Distribution of seats according to age:  
Under 30 years 7
30-50 years 99
Over 50 years 72


Distribution of seats according to education:

 
Doctorate degree 22
Master’s degree 14
University education 112
Higher secondary education 12
Secondary education (completed) 18

Comments:
  The figures relating to the distribution of Members according to sex, age and education refer to both chambers of the Federal Assembly


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Copyright 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union