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GEORGIA
Sakartvelos Parlamenti (Parliament)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Sakartvelos Parlamenti / Parliament
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1997 - 2003
2005 -
LEADERSHIP
President David Usupashvili (M) 
Notes Elected on 21 Oct. 2012.
Secretary General Zurab Marakvelidze (M) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 150 / 150
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 18 (12.00%)
Mode of designation directly elected 150
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 1 October 2012
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CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Parliament of Georgia
26 Abashidze Street
4600, Kutaisi
GEORGIA
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (995 332) 28 13 72 (Inter-Parliamentary Group)
28 90 71 (Speaker)
28 90 02 (Secretary General)
Fax
E-mail zmarakvelidze@parliament.ge (Secretary General)
lperadze@parliament.ge (Ms. Lika Peradze, Secretary of the Georgian Delegation to the IPU)
Website
http://www.parliament.ge

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Sakartvelos Parlamenti / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 9 January 1995
Last updated on 29 June 2012
Mode of designation directly elected 150
Constituencies - One nationwide constituency for the PR system.
- 73 single-member constituencies for the majority system.
Voting system Mixed: - 77 seats by the Proportional Representation system (closed party List system)
Parties exceeding a 5-per cent threshold are entitled to win seats under the PR system.
- 73 seats by the Majority system (first past the post): If no candidate secures 30 per cent of the valid vote, run-off elections will be held between the two leading candidates.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Georgian citizenship
CANDIDATES
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Georgian citizenship
- fulfilment of residence requirements
Incompatibilities - any position in a state office
- industrial activities
- membership of territorial representative body (except Abkhazian or Adjarian supreme bodies)
Candidacy requirements - proportional system: nomination by duly registered parties or blocs supported by at least 30,000 electors or already represented in Parliament
- majority system: each candidate must be nominated by a party or needs backing of at least 1000 electors unless he/she is member of outgoing legislature

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Sakartvelos Parlamenti / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 1 October 2012
Timing and scope of renewal The Georgian Dream coalition led by Mr. Bidzina Ivanishvili won the elections taking 85 of the 150 seats at stake, thereby ending the nine-year rule of President Mikheil Saakashvili's United National Movement.

On 25 October, the newly elected Parliament - now based in Kutaisi in western Georgia - approved the cabinet headed by Mr. Ivanishvili (see note). He pledged to maintain President Saakashvili's pro-Western foreign policy and continue efforts to join NATO and the European Union, but at the same time seek to restore economic and cultural ties with the Russian Federation.

Note:
Mr. Ivanishvili did not stand in the 2012 parliamentary elections because he had lost his Georgian citizenship in October 2011, due to his French citizenship. On 16 October 2012, President Saakashvili restored Mr. Ivanishvili's citizenship after the Georgian Dream coalition nominated him to become Prime Minister.
Date of previous elections: 21 May 2008

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: Not applicable.

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: October 2016

Number of seats at stake: 150 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 2,313 under the proportional representation system and 429 under the majority system

Percentage of women candidates: Not available.

Number of parties contesting the election: 14 parties and two electoral blocs (comprising a total of eight political parties)

Number of parties winning seats: 7 (including six parties which were part of the Georgian Dream coalition)

Alternation of power: Partial (semi-presidential system; alternation of the Head of Government)

Number of parties in government: 4

Names of parties in government: Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia, Republican Party of Georgia, National Forum and Our Georgia - Free Democrats

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 21 October 2012

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. David Usupashvili (Republican Party of Georgia)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 11 October 2012
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
3'613'851
2'215'661 (61.31%)
62'874
2'152'787
Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Georgian Dream coalition 1'181'862 54.90
United National Movement (UNM) 867'432 40.29
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats Majority Proportional Number of women
Georgian Dream coalition 85 41 44 12
United National Movement (UNM) 65 32 33 6
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
132

18

12.00%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Source: Central Election Commission of Georgia (17.10.2012, 20.10.2012, 19.12.2012)

The Georgian Dream coalition comprised the following parties.
- Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia
- Conservative Party of Georgia
- Industry will save Georgia
- Republican Party of Georgia
- Our Georgia - Free Democrats
- National Forum

This page was last updated on 4 March 2014
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