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IRAQ
Council of Representatives of Iraq (Council of Representatives of Iraq)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name Council of Representatives of Iraq
More photos  >>>
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1947 -1963
1980 - 2003
2008 -
LEADERSHIP
President Saleem Al-Jubouri (M) 
Notes Elected on 15 July 2014.
Secretary General Ayad Namik Majid (M) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 328 / 328
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


More statistics  >>>
Women (current number) 83 (25.30%)
Mode of designation directly elected 320
other 8
Notes Others: 8 seats are reserved for minority groups (Christian: 5; Sabean: 1; Shabak: 1; and Yizidi: 1)
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 30 April 2014
(View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Council of Representatives of Iraq
Baghdad-International Zone-Convention Center
BAGHDAD
IRAQ
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (964) 790 193 3644 (Secretary General)
750 476 0765
Fax (964) 1 538 2929
E-mail secretarygeneral@parliament.iq
corsecretarygeneral@gmail.com
Website
http://www.parliament.iq/

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name Council of Representatives of Iraq
Structure of parliament Unicameral
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 2 December 2013
Election Law No. (45)
Mode of designation directly elected 320
other 8
Constituencies 18 governorate-based constituencies for 328 seats including 8 seats reserved for minorities.
Breakdown for the 320 seats apportioned to each governorate:
Anbar: 15
Babil: 17
Baghdad: 71 (including 1 seat for Christians and 1 seat for the Sabean)
Basra: 25
Diyala: 14
Dahuk: 11 (including 1 seat for Christians)
Erbil: 15 (including 1 seat for Christians)
Karbala: 11
Kirkuk: 14 (including 1 seat for Christians)
Missan: 10
Muthana: 7
Najaf: 12
Ninewa: 35 (including 1 seat for Christians, 1 seat for the Yzidi and 1 seat for the Shabak)
Qadissiya: 11
Salahaddin: 12
Sulaymaniya: 18
Dhi-Qar: 19
Wassit: 11
Voting system Proportional: Proportional representation system
- Seats shall be allocated according to the Sainte-Laguë method.
- The candidate who secures the highest number of votes on the list shall be elected while ensuring that a woman candidate is elected after every three winning male candidates, thereby allotting 25 per cent of seats to women.
- Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - Iraqi citizenship
- age: at least 18 years
- Legally competent persons
- Registration on the voters' list
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - qualified voters
- Iraqi citizenship
- age: at least 30 years
- Possession of a high-school certificate
Ineligibilities:
- Persons covered by the de-Baathification law (the Accountability and Justice law, which restricts the political participation of high-ranking officials of the dissolved Baath Party);
- Persons convicted of a crime violating honour;
- Persons who have enriched themselves in an illegitimate manner at the expense of the homeland and public finance
- Persons who are members of the armed forces at the time of their nomination
Incompatibilities - other official positions.
Candidacy requirements - Each party list must comprise at least one woman among every three nominees.

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name Council of Representatives of Iraq
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 30 April 2014
Timing and scope of renewal Prime Minister Nouri Maliki's State of Law coalition took 93 of the 328 seats at stake (up from 325 seats, see note). Two other Shia parties - the Sadrist blocs (Ahrar, loyal to Mr. Moqtada al-Sadr) and the Citizens' Coalition (Muwatin, led by Mr. Ammar al-Hakim) - won 34 and 31 seats each. In all, Shia parties took over 170 seats.

Among Sunni parties, the Mutahidoun bloc led by Speaker Osama Abdul Aziz Al-Nojefi, became the largest force, taking 28 seats. Deputy Prime Minister Saleh al-Mutlaq's Arabiya list followed with 10 seats.
A secular party, former Prime Minister Iyad Allawi's Wataniya list took 21 seats. Kurdish parties won a total of 62 seats. They include the Kurdistan Democratic Party (25 seats) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (21 seats) led by President Jalal Talabani.

The 2014 elections were the first to be held since the withdrawal of US troops in 2011. According to the United Nations, over 8,800 – including some 7,800 civilians - were killed in violent attacks in 2013, the highest in five years. Opposition parties blamed the Prime Minister for the insecurity in the country. Mr. Maliki blamed external factors, such as the conflict in Syria, for the escalation of the violence in Iraq.

Note:
The previous legislature elected in 2010 comprised 325 seats, including eight seats reserved for minority groups (Christian: 5; Sabean: 1; Shabak: 1; and Yizidi: 1) and seven national compensatory seats, allotted to the winning lists according to the proportion of votes they received in the elections. Following a Supreme Court ruling of November 2013 that deemed the “largest-remainder principle” used in the previous election to be unconstitutional, a “modified St. Laguë method” was used to calculate seats for the 2014 elections, thereby increasing the chances for smaller parties to win parliamentary representations. The Election Law No. (45), gazetted in December 2013, abolished the national compensatory seats. Instead, one seat each was added to the following 10 governorates: Anbar, Baghdad, Basra, Babil, Dhi Qar, Karbala, Diyala, Erbil, Dahuk and Sulaymaniya. The eight seats reserved for minority groups were retained.
Date of previous elections: 7 March 2010

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 16 June 2014

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: April 2018

Number of seats at stake: 328 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 9,032 (6,425 men, 2,607 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 28.9%

Number of parties contesting the election: 107 electoral lists comprising 276 parties.

Number of parties winning seats: 15 electoral lists

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 1 July 2014

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 1 July 2014

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Salim al-Jabouri (Diyala is Our Identity)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 130 April 2014
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
22'000'000
13'640'000 (62%)

Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
State of Law coalition
Sadrist Movement
Citizens’ coalition (Muwatin)
Muttahidoon block
Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP)
al-Wataniya
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)
Others
Al-Arabiya Coalition
Gorran
minority groups
National Reform Trend
Fadhila
Diyala is Our Identity
Islamic Union of Kurdistan
Civil Democratic Alliance
Islamic Group in Kurdistan
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
State of Law coalition 95
Sadrist Movement 34
Citizens’ coalition (Muwatin) 31
Muttahidoon block 28
Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) 25
al-Wataniya 21
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) 21
Others 19
Al-Arabiya Coalition 10
Gorran 9
minority groups 8
National Reform Trend 6
Fadhila 6
Diyala is Our Identity 5
Islamic Union of Kurdistan 4
Civil Democratic Alliance 3
Islamic Group in Kurdistan 3
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
245

83

25.30%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Source: Council of Representatives (28.05.2014)

This page was last updated on 10 October 2014
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