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NIGER
Assemblée nationale (National Assembly)
LAST ELECTIONS

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name (generic / translated) Assemblée nationale / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)21 February 2016
22 February 2016
Purpose of elections President Mahamadou Issoufou's Niger Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS Tarayya) and its allies (see note 1) won a total of 108 seats, securing a majority in the enlarged 171-member National Assembly (see note 2). The Niger Democratic Movement for an African Federation (MODEN/FA-Lumana Africa), led from prison by the former Speaker of the National Assembly, Mr. Hama Amadou, came a distant second (see note 3). Delays at polling stations caused voting to be extended by an extra day. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on economic and social development, promotion of democracy and the rule of law.

In the presidential elections, held in parallel with the parliamentary polls, the election commission announced that President Issoufou (PNDS) came first in the first round of voting, followed by former Speaker Amadou. Opposition parties claimed irregularities and massive fraud. Previously, 23 opposition parties had formed the Coalition for the Alternative 2016 (COPA 2016, see note 4) and agreed to back whichever opposition candidate made it to the second round, scheduled for 20 March.

On 7 March, the Constitutional Court validated the preliminary results of the first round. The following day, the COPA 2016 announced its withdrawal from the second round of presidential elections, accusing the Constitutional Court of a lack of impartiality and independence. It demanded that parliamentarians representing parties in the COPA 2016 cease all activities in the National Assembly.

On 20 March, President Issoufou was re-elected with 92 percent of the vote in the run-off elections.

Note 1:
The PNDS Tarayya led the Movement for the Renaissance of Niger (MRN), a 22-party pro-presidential alliance. The MRN includes the Patriotic Movement for the Republic (MPR-Jamhuriya), formed by former MNSD Secretary General Albadé Abouba in October 2015.

Note 2:
In accordance with the organic law gazetted in November 2015 (Loi organique n°2014-71), the statutory number of members of the National Assembly has increased from 113 to 171. In October 2014 a modification to the 2000 electoral law (loi n° 2000-008) raised the gender quota, requiring the percentage of candidates-elect of each sex be more than 15%, as opposed to 10% previously.

Note 3:
Mr. Amadou was arrested in November 2015 on his return from exile in France over his alleged role in a baby-trafficking scandal, an allegation he strongly denies and insists is politically motivated.

Note 4:
The COPA 2016 includes the MODEN/FA-Lumana Africa and the National Movement for the Development of Society (MNSD) - Nassara of former Prime Minister Seyni Omar.
Date of previous elections: 31 January 2011

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry*
*The outgoing National Assembly was elected in January 2011 but started to sit in April. In accordance with article 85 of the 2010 Constitution, the general elections were due between 20 and 60 days prior to the end of the current legislature (between January and March 2016).

Expected date of next elections: February 2021
Number of seats at stake: 171 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 2,770

Percentage of women candidates: Not available.

Number of parties contesting the election: 43 lists

Number of parties winning seats: 16

Alternation of power: No

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 25 March 2016

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Ousseini Tinni (Niger Party for Democracy and Socialism, PNDS Tarayya)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 122 February 2016
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
7'574'958
5'029'702 (66.4%)

Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Niger Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS Tarayya)
Niger Democratic Movement for an African Federation (MODEN/FA-Lumana Africa)
National Movement for the Development Society (MNSD) - Nassara
Patriotic Movement for the Republic (MPR-JAMHURIYA)
MNRD Hankuri - PSDN Alheri grouping
Niger Patriotic Movement (MPN- KISHIN KASSA)
National Alliance for Democracy and Progress (ANDP) - Zaman Lahiya
Social Democratic Rally (RSD Gaskiya)
Democratic Social Convention (CDS) Rahama
Congress for the Republic (CPR Inganci)
Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP) JAMAA
Alliance of Movements for the Emergence of Niger (AMEN-AMIN)
Alliance for Democratic Renewal (ARD Mutunci-Adalci)
Union for Democracy and the Republic (UDR) - Tabbat
Social Democratic Party (PSD Bassira)
Democratic Alliance for Niger (ADN Fusaha)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
Niger Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS Tarayya) 75
Niger Democratic Movement for an African Federation (MODEN/FA-Lumana Africa) 25
National Movement for the Development Society (MNSD) - Nassara 20
Patriotic Movement for the Republic (MPR-JAMHURIYA) 13
MNRD Hankuri - PSDN Alheri grouping 6
Niger Patriotic Movement (MPN- KISHIN KASSA) 5
National Alliance for Democracy and Progress (ANDP) - Zaman Lahiya 4
Social Democratic Rally (RSD Gaskiya) 4
Democratic Social Convention (CDS) Rahama 3
Congress for the Republic (CPR Inganci) 3
Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP) JAMAA 3
Alliance of Movements for the Emergence of Niger (AMEN-AMIN) 3
Alliance for Democratic Renewal (ARD Mutunci-Adalci) 2
Union for Democracy and the Republic (UDR) - Tabbat 2
Social Democratic Party (PSD Bassira) 2
Democratic Alliance for Niger (ADN Fusaha) 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men
Women
Percent of women
146
25
14.62%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
National Assembly (31.03.2016)
Arrêt n 012/CC/ME du 16 mars 2016, Cour constitutionnelle

Note:
The "MNRD Hankuri - PSDN Alheri grouping" refers to two parties: the Niger Movement for Democratic Renewal grouping (MNRD Hankuri); and the Party for Socialism and Democracy in Niger-Alheri.

Sources:
National Assembly (02.03.2016)
http://www.ceni-niger.org/ceniProject/regions/chart

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