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UZBEKISTAN
Qonunchilik palatasi (Legislative Chamber)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Oliy Majlis / Supreme Assembly
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Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Qonunchilik palatasi / Legislative Chamber
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Senat / Senate
Affiliation to the IPU No
Affiliation date(s) 1992 - 2007
LEADERSHIP
President Nuriddinjon Ismailov (M) 
Notes Elected on 12 Jan. 2015.
Secretary General Anvar Kamalovith Irkakhodjaev (M) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 150 / 150
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 24 (16.00%)
Mode of designation directly elected 135
indirectly elected 15
Notes 15 elected by the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan.
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 21 December 2014
4 January 2015 (View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Oliy Majlis
Legislative Chamber
Halklar Dustligi, 1
700 035 Tashkent
Uzbekistan
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (99871) 239 85 36
139 87 46
139 87 49
Fax (99871) 239 87 57
139 41 51
139 82 67
E-mail fabdurakhmanov@rambler.ru
Website
http://www.parliament.gov.uz/

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Oliy Majlis / Supreme Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Qonunchilik palatasi / Legislative Chamber
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Senat / Senate
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 28 December 1993
Last updated in December 2008
Mode of designation directly elected 135
indirectly elected 15
Constituencies 135 single-member "territorial" constituencies.
Voting system Majority: Majority vote in two rounds.
In each constituency, at least 33% of the electorate must participate for the poll to be valid and candidates are declared elected if they obtain more than 50% of the votes cast. Should one of these conditions be missing, a second round of elections takes place between the two leading candidates; a simple majority then suffices.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Uzbek citizens residing in Uzbekistan or former USSR
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - Uzbek citizenship
- Age: 25 years by day of election
- Full-time residency in Uzbekistan for at least 5 years.
(Article 77 of the Constitution)
Incompatibilities - members of the other chamber
Candidacy requirements - candidatures must be submitted by registered parties
- 30 per cent of candidates in each party list must be women.

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Oliy Majlis / Supreme Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Qonunchilik palatasi / Legislative Chamber
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Senat / Senate
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)21 December 2014
4 January 2015
Timing and scope of renewal The 2014 elections produced a similar composition in the 150-member Legislative Chamber as before, with four parties reportedly close to President Islam Karimov taking all 135 directly-elected seats (see note). There are no officially recognized opposition parties in the country. The President's Movement of Entrepreneurs and Businesspeople - Liberal Democratic Party (UzLiDeP) remained the largest force with 52 seats, followed by Prime Minister Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoev's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan "Milliy tiklanish" which took 36. All parties campaigned on their traditional platform, focusing on business and farming (UzLiDeP) and traditional values (Milliy tiklanish).

The elections were the first to be held since the President - in power since independence in 1990 - signed into law a set of constitutional amendments in April 2014, adopted earlier by the Legislative Chamber and the Senate. The amendments stipulate that the Prime Minister is nominated by the winning party in the elections to the Legislative Chamber, instead of being appointed by the President previously. He/she can be dismissed by the President if both chambers adopt a vote of no-confidence by two-thirds of votes. Following the 2014 elections, the UzLiDeP nominated outgoing Prime Minister Mirziyoev (in office since 2003) as its premiership candidate.

Note:
The remaining 15 seats are indirectly elected by the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan, a party dedicated to environmental protection that was established in 2008.
Date of previous elections: 27 December 2009 - 10 January 2010

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: N/A

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: December 2019 – January 2020

Number of seats at stake: 135 (full renewal)*
*15 other members are indirectly elected by the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan.

Number of candidates: 535 (365 men, 170 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 31.8%

Number of parties contesting the election: 4

Number of parties winning seats: 4

Alternation of power: No (presidential system)

Number of parties in government: N/A*
*Membership of political parties is not a sine qua non condition to enter the government. The new government therefore comprises mainly technocrats.

Names of parties in government: N/A**
**In January 2015, both chambers of parliament approved Mr. Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoyev as Prime Minister. Mr. Mirziyoyev was nominated by the Movement of Entrepreneurs and Businesspeople - Liberal Democratic Party (UzLiDeP) and the Democratic Party of Uzbekistan "Milliy tiklanish".

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 12 January 2015

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Nuriddinjon Ismailov (People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan )
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 121 December 2014
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
20'789'572
18'490'245 (88.94%)

Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Movement of Entrepreneurs and Businesspeople - Liberal Democratic Party (UzLiDeP)
Democratic Party of Uzbekistan "Milliy tiklanish"
People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan
Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan "Adolat"
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats 1st round 2nd round
Movement of Entrepreneurs and Businesspeople - Liberal Democratic Party (UzLiDeP) 52 47 5
Democratic Party of Uzbekistan "Milliy tiklanish" 36 28 8
People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan 27 21 6
Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan "Adolat" 20 17 3
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
126

24

16.00%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Geneva (19.01.2015)
http://elections.uz/en

This page was last updated on 5 October 2015
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