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SOMALIA
House of the People (House of the People)

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name Federal Parliament
More photos  >>>
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1963 - 1969
1980 - 1991
2006 - 2009
2013 -
LEADERSHIP
President Mohammed Sheikh Osman (Jawari) (M) 
Notes Elected on 28 August 2012.
Secretary General Abdikarim Buh (M) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 275 / 275
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) (%)
Mode of designation appointed 275
Notes Appointed: 275 members appointed by traditional leaders in consultation with their clans.
At least 30 per cent of seats are reserved for women.
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 23 October 2016
10 November 2016 (View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Federal Parliament*
Mogadishu, Somalia
*All communications should be sent by DHL to the address above, or by post to:
Federal Parliament of Somalia
c/o Somali Embassy in Kenya
Likoni Lane,
Off Dennis Pritt Road,
Kilimani P.O.Box 623- 00606.
Sarit Centre, Nairobi, Kenya
(Export mailing lists)
Phone
Fax
E-mail abdikarimbuh@yahoo.com
info@parliament.gov.so
Website
http://www.parliament.gov.so

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name Federal Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 1 August 2012
Last updated: 12 April 2016 (Decision of the National Leadership Forum)
Mode of designation appointed 275
Constituencies N/A
Voting system : A total of 135 traditional elders select 14,025 members (51 members for each of the 275 members of the House of the People) to Electoral Colleges in consultation with their relevant and respective elders (Nabadoono). The Electoral Colleges then elect 275 members to the House of the People. The election for each seat is only valid when it is contested by at least two candidates.

Thirty per cent of the elected members of the House of the People must be women. Each of the four main clans (Hawiye, Darod, Dir, and Rahaweyn) should have 18 elected women members while “others” (the fifth clan in the so-called 4.5 formula) should have 9 women members all together.
Voting takes place in the capital or seat of government of each federal member state. The Presidents of the federal member states sign the list of official members of the House of the People for their respective states after state-level electoral implementation teams have forwarded the certified final results.

If a member of the House of the People loses their membership, the runner-up in the last election shall take up the position.
Voter requirements Members of the Electoral College.
Each Electoral College includes a minimum of 30 per cent women.
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - Citizenship of Somalia
- Aged between 25 and 75 years old
- Persons having completed a secondary school education
- Persons respecting Islamic values
- Persons having relevant experience

Ineligibilities
- Persons having a criminal record
- Persons declared diagnosed with a mental illness
Incompatibilities Members of the Upper House
Candidacy requirements - Payment of a candidacy fee of USD 5,000. The fee for women candidates is reduced by 50 per cent.

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name Federal Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)23 October 2016
10 November 2016
Timing and scope of renewal Elections were held for all seats in the House of the People.
N/A (indirect elections)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Distribution of votes
Distribution of seats
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women




%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments

This page was last updated on 2 November 2016
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