PARLINE: recent parliamentary elections - IPU http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/RecentElections.asp Every parliamentary election in the world is reported in PARLINE. All data is regularly cross-checked with parliaments. Election reports include the background to the election and of course the election results. The results contain statistics on the distribution of votes and seats among political parties, as well as a breakdown of seats by sex and, when available, by the age and profession of members of parliament. A brief summary of the electoral system is also available for each parliamentary chamber. This newsfeed offers quick access to the results of the most recent parliamentary elections in PARLINE. en-gb PARLINE: updates to general information on parliaments - IPU http://www.ipu.org/images/logos/ipu1.jpg http://www.ipu.org/ PARLINE recent elections : FRANCE (National Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2113_E.htmPresident Emmanuel Macron's Republic on the Move (REM) and its ally, the Modem, won an outright majority, taking a total of 350 seats in the 577-member National Assembly. The REM, established only in 2016, defeated two long-established parties that had dominated French politics: The Republicans (LR, formerly, the Union for a Popular Movement) took 112 seats, down from 194; the Socialist Party (PS) of former President François Hollande took only 30, down from 280. A record 224 women were elected8/16/2017 6:30:08 PMPARLINE recent elections : UNITED KINGDOM (House of Commons)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2335_E.htmThe first elections after the Brexit referendum (see note) resulted in a hung parliament. Prime Minister Theresa May of the Conservative Party had called early elections, calling on voters' support for "a strong and stable government to get the best Brexit deal". The Conservative Party won the elections but lost the parliamentary majority. The Labour Party, led by Mr. Jeremy Corbyn, increased its share of seats from 232 to 262, while promising to work for "a jobs-first Brexit that allows us to 8/4/2017 4:16:38 PMPARLINE recent elections : LESOTHO (National Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2181_E.htmFormer Prime Minister Thomas Thabane's All Basotho Convention (ABC) came first in snap elections but failed to win an outright majority. On 16 June, Mr. Thabane was again sworn in as Prime Minister in a new coalition government, comprising his ABC, the Alliance of Democrats (AD), the Basotho National Party (BNP) and the Reformed Congress of Lesotho (RCL), which jointly hold 63 seats in the 121-member National Assembly. The 2017 elections - the third poll in five years - were triggered after8/4/2017 4:33:30 PMPARLINE recent elections : MALTA (House of Representatives)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2203_E.htmPrime Minister Joseph Muscat's Labour Party (LP) won the snap elections that he had called a month earlier, thus defeating Simon Busuttil's Nationalist Party (PN). The snap elections followed a resignation call from the PN and the subsequent street protests. During the election campaign, the Prime Minister promised continuity and greater wealth for the country. In 2016, Malt recorded a budget surplus for the first time in three decades and unemployment remained low: 4.1%. The PN pledged to intr8/3/2017 4:41:38 PMPARLINE recent elections : BAHAMAS (House of Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2021_E.htmThe Free National Movement (FNM), led by Mr. Hubert Minnis, ousted Prime Minister Perry Christie's Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) winning 35 seats to 4 in the 39-member House of Assembly (see note 1). The outgoing Prime Minister himself lost the seat he had held since 1977. On 11 May, Mr. Minnis was sworn in as new Prime Minister by Governor General Dame Marguerite Pindling. During the election campaigning, the FNM campaigned on a platform for change, promising to promote "Bahamian ownershi8/3/2017 4:50:01 PMPARLINE recent elections : ALGERIA (National People's Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2003_E.htmThe ruling coalition comprising President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's National Liberation Front (FNL) and the National Democratic Rally (RND), led by the President's senior adviser Ahmed Ouyahia, retained the majority in the 462-member National People's Assembly. Several opposition parties, including former Prime Minister Ali Benflis's Talaie El-Houriat and the Jil Jadid, called for election boycott, citing possible election fraud. However, most opposition forces, including the Movement of Society f8/9/2017 8:10:41 PMPARLINE recent elections : GAMBIA (THE) (National Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2117_E.htmThe United Democratic Party (UDP, see note 1) won an absolute majority with 31 seats in the 58-member National Assembly. The 2017 elections were the first to be held under the presidency of Mr. Adama Barrow who defeated the long-serving President Yahya Jammeh in the December 2016 presidential elections (see note 2). The former ruling party, the Alliance for Patriotic Re-Orientation and Construction (APRC), took only five seats, down from the 48 seats won during the 2012 elections boycotted by s8/3/2017 4:50:44 PMPARLINE recent elections : ARMENIA (National Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2013_E.htmPresident Serzh Sargsyan's Republican Party of Armenia (HHK) retained an absolute majority in the 105-member National Assembly. The HHK won nearly twice more seats than its main rival, the Tsarukyan bloc, led by a wealthy businessman Gagik Tsarukyan. Both parties support close ties with Russia. Prime Minister Karen Karapetyan, who succeeded Mr. Hovik Abrahamyan in September 2016, led the HHK campaign, promising to continue the Government’s ongoing reforms. The Tsarukyan bloc promised to boost p8/10/2017 12:05:39 PMPARLINE recent elections : BULGARIA (National Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2045_E.htmCitizens for European Development of Bulgaria Party (GERB), led by former Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, became the largest party, winning 15 more seats than the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP, led by Ms. Korneliya Ninova). GERB failed to secure an outright majority though in the 240-member National Assembly. During the election campaigning, the major parties focused on economy, job creation and tax reform, promising to increase the minimum wage, pension and allowance for families. On 4 May, 8/3/2017 4:48:55 PMPARLINE recent elections : NETHERLANDS (House of Representatives )http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2231_E.htmThe 2017 elections returned an even more fragmented House of Representatives than in the previous legislature: 13 parties, up from 11 previously, entered the House of Representatives, the highest number of parties since 1972 (14 parties). Prime Minister Mark Rutte's People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) remained the largest party, but reduced its share from 41 seats to 33. VVD's coalition partner, the Labour Party (PvdA), lost nearly 30 seats, taking nine. The Party for Freedom (PVV), 8/3/2017 4:51:31 PMPARLINE recent elections : MICRONESIA (FEDERATED STATES OF) (Congress)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htmThe 2017 mid-term elections resulted in a similar composition of the 14-member Congress. Outgoing members took eight of the 10 seats up for renewal in 2017. No women were elected, as in the previous elections. However, there were two female candidates in 2017, unlike the 2015 elections where there were none. In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues. National issues in 2017 included the constitutional 5/12/2017 11:01:03 AMPARLINE recent elections : ECUADOR (National Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2095_E.htmThe ruling Alianza Pais coalition (AP) retained the majority but its share of seats fell from 100 to 74 in the 137-member National Assembly. The AP comprises outgoing President Rafael Correa's Movement for a Proud and Sovereign Fatherland (PAIS) and its allies. The Creating Opportunities Movement (CREO), which formed an alliance with the Society United for More Action (SUMA), tripled their combined share of seats to 34. The elections saw a high turnover: only 31 members of the outgoing legislat5/15/2017 3:48:18 PMPARLINE recent elections : LIECHTENSTEIN (Diet)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2187_E.htmThe Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP) and its coalition partner Patriotic Union (VU) retained the majority in the 25-member Landtag. The programmes of the major parties include job creation, free trade and open markets, adapting education to the needs of each student and improvements to the health care system.5/9/2017 6:24:58 PMPARLINE recent elections : COTE D' IVOIRE (National Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2075_E.htmPresident Alassane Ouattara's Rally of Houphouetists for Democracy and Peace (RHDP) retained its majority in the 255-member National Assembly, taking 167 seats. Two pro-presidential parties – the Union for Democracy and Peace in Côte d'Ivoire (UDPCI) and the Union for Côte d'Ivoire (UPCI) - won a total of nine seats. A faction of the Ivorian Popular Front (FPI, of the ousted former President Laurent Gbagbo) led by Mr. Pascal Affi N'Guessan, participated in the 2016 elections and took three seat3/7/2017 10:51:44 AMPARLINE recent elections : THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA (Assembly of the Republic)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2313_E.htmNo party won an outright majority in the 123-member Assembly of the Republic, which led the country to months of political uncertainty. Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski's VMRO-DPMNE-led coalition won two more seats than the coalition led by the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM) of Mr. Zoran Zaev. On 9 January 2017, President Gjorge Ivanov (VMRO-DPMNE) tasked Mr. Gruevski with forming a new government. However, the VMRO-DPMNE and its coalition partner, the Democratic Union for Integratio8/3/2017 4:53:21 PMPARLINE recent elections : ROMANIA (Chamber of Deputies)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2261_E.htmThe Social Democratic Party (PSD), led by former Deputy Prime Minister Liviu Dragnea, became the largest force in both chambers of parliament but fell short of an outright majority. The PSD nevertheless took twice as many seats as the next largest party, the National Liberal Party (PNL). During the election campaign, the major parties focused on the economy, tax reform and job creation. On 4 January 2017, parliament approved the formation of a coalition government comprising the PSD and the5/9/2017 6:19:17 PMPARLINE recent elections : ROMANIA (Senate)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2262_E.htmThe Social Democratic Party (PSD), led by former Deputy Prime Minister Liviu Dragnea, became the largest force in both chambers of parliament but fell short of an outright majority. The PSD nevertheless took twice as many seats as the next largest party, the National Liberal Party (PNL). During the election campaign, the major parties focused on the economy, tax reform and job creation. On 4 January 2017, parliament approved the formation of a coalition government comprising the PSD and the5/9/2017 6:19:06 PMPARLINE recent elections : KUWAIT (National Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2171_E.htmThe opposition and their allies took 24 seats in elections to the 50-member National Assembly. Around half of the opposition candidates reportedly belonged to groups linked to the Muslim Brotherhood or Salafists , many of whom had boycotted the previous elections in 2013 (see note). The number of members from the Shiite minority fell from eight to six. Only 20 members of the outgoing legislature were returned to the new parliament. One woman, Ms. Safaa Al-Hashem, was elected, making her the f5/9/2017 6:15:42 PMPARLINE recent elections : SAN MARINO (Great and General Council)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2273_E.htmThe Adesso.sm coalition (see note 1) defeated the ruling San Marino First coalition (see note 2) in the second round of parliamentary elections. The run-offs were necessary after the Democracy in Motion coalition (see note 3) scored highly in the first round, preventing the two major coalitions from winning the required 35 seats in the 60-member Great and General Council in the first round (see note 4). A record 14 women were elected. The 2016 elections were the third consecutive early ele5/9/2017 6:07:31 PMPARLINE recent elections : UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (House of Representatives)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2339_E.htmThe Republicans retained the control of the House of Representatives and the Senate, albeit with a reduced majority. Mr. Donald Trump, the Republican nominee, defeated Ms. Hillary Clinton of the Democratic Party to become President of the United States (see note). The presidential election campaign pushed congressional elections to the background. Mr. Trump, a wealthy businessman, pledged to "Make America Great Again". He promised to create more jobs, tighten US borders and renegotiate free7/3/2017 6:42:15 PMPARLINE recent elections : UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Senate)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2340_E.htmThe Republicans retained the control of the House of Representatives and the Senate, albeit with a reduced majority. Mr. Donald Trump, the Republican nominee, defeated Ms. Hillary Clinton of the Democratic Party to become President of the United States (see note). The presidential election campaign pushed congressional elections to the background. Mr. Trump, a wealthy businessman, pledged to "Make America Great Again". He promised to create more jobs, tighten US borders and renegotiate free2/20/2017 12:49:08 PMPARLINE recent elections : PALAU (House of Delegates)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2243_E.htmThe elections returned 13 incumbents to the 16-member House of Delegates and 8 to the 13-member Senate (see note). Two women were elected to the House of Delegates, for the first time since 1981 (prior to the country's independence in 1994). Two of the three outgoing women senators were re-elected. 25-year-old Aric Nakamura, the son of former President Kuniwo Nakamura, became the youngest person to be elected to the Senate. With no political parties in Palau, there was no nation-wide elec6/2/2017 9:41:50 AMPARLINE recent elections : MONTENEGRO (Parliament)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2385_E.htmThe ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) led by Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic remained the largest force in the new parliament but, as before, did not obtain an absolute majority. The main opposition forces - the Democratic Front (DF) and the Grand Coalition Kljuc (Key, see note) - came second and third. They rejected the election results. Following the elections, the Prime Minister announced that the DPS would form a coalition government with the Social Democrats of Montenegro (SD) 4/10/2017 9:46:13 AMPARLINE recent elections : GEORGIA (Parliament)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2119_E.htmPrime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili's Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia (see note) won 115 seats in the 150-member Parliament, up from 85 that it took in 2012. It thus secured the three-fifths majority required to adopt constitutional amendments. The opposition United National Movement (UNM), founded by former President Mikheil Saakashvili, fell from 65 to 27 seats. The UNM was led by Mr. Davit Bakradze, replacing Mr. Saakashvili who became governor of Ukraine's Odessa region in May 2015 (an2/23/2017 1:09:05 PMPARLINE recent elections : CROATIA (Croatian Parliament)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2077_E.htmNo party won an outright majority in the snap elections held only 10 months after the previous polls. The Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and its allies (see note 1), now led by Mr. Andrej Plenkovic, came first, ahead of the People's Coalition led by the Social Democratic Party (SDP) (see note 2). During the election campaign, the major parties focused on economic development, job creation for youth and the refugee/migration crisis in Europe. The 2016 snap elections followed the collapse 5/8/2017 8:07:02 AMPARLINE recent elections : ZAMBIA (National Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2359_E.htmThe Patriotic Front (PF), led by President Edgar Lungu, won the majority of the 156 directly elected seats in the enlarged 167-member National Assembly (see note 1). The United Party for National Development (UPND) of Mr. Hakainde Hichelema doubled its share to 58 seats and became the second largest party. The Movement for Multi-party Democracy (MMD, which held power for 20 years until 2011, see note 2), took only three seats. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on the econ6/30/2017 10:54:17 AMPARLINE recent elections : AUSTRALIA (Senate)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2016_E.htmThe Liberal National coalition, led by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, reduced its share but retained an outright majority in the 150-member House of Representatives. It also became the largest force in the 76-member Senate. The Australian Labor Party (ALP), led by Mr. Bill Shorten, increased the number of seats won from 55 to 69 in the House of Representatives. During the election campaigning, the major parties focused on the health system, child care, tax cuts and climate change. The 20167/24/2017 1:49:50 PMPARLINE recent elections : SOUTH AFRICA (National Assembly)http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2291_E.htmPresident Jacob Zuma's African National Congress (ANC) won the elections, taking 249 of the 400 seats at stake in the National Assembly. The main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA), led by Ms. Helen Zille, came in second with 89 seats, up from 67 in the previous legislature. Four parties entered Parliament for the first time. They include the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), a new party led by former leader of ANC's Youth League, Mr. Julius Malema, which came in third with 25 seats. The remain6/22/2017 2:07:22 PM