Colombian senator and presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galán Sarmiento was murdered at a political rally in 1989. His death was ordered by drugs baron Pablo Escobar and apparently plotted by high-level members of the security forces.
Human rights cases
MP and presidential hopeful Jaime Ricaurte Hurtado González was murdered outside Ecuador’s parliament building in 1999. Another MP and an official also died. The masterminds have never been brought to justice.
Eritrean MP Germano Nati has been held incommunicado without trial since 2001, one of a group of 11 seized after criticizing the country’s president, Isaias Afwerki.
Former Bahraini MP Jawad Fairooz has been rendered stateless after being stripped of his nationality in 2012.
Pedro Nel Jiménez Obando was one of a string of Colombian MPs murdered in a bloody period in the country’s history in the 1980s and 90s. No one has been brought to justice.
Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim has faced a long battle in the country’s courts over allegations of sodomy and corruption.
Russian human rights campaigner and MP Galina Starovoitova was murdered in 1998. After years of delay, some of those responsible have been brought to justice but others are thought to remain at large.
Sri Lankan Nadarajah Raviraj was murdered on his way to work in 2006, one of a series of Tamil MPs to be killed. Those who ordered or carried out his killing have never been brought to justice.
Sri Lankan MP Joseph Pararajasingham was murdered in a cathedral during a Christmas service in 2005.
Colombian MP Manuel Cepeda Vargas was shot dead in the capital, Bogota, in an attack later ruled to have been the responsibility of the state.