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CAMBODIA
Radhsphea Ney Preah Recheanachakr Kampuchea (National Assembly)
LAST ELECTIONS

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Parliament name Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Radhsphea Ney Preah Recheanachakr Kampuchea / National Assembly
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Senate
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 28 July 2013
Purpose of elections Prime Minister Hun Sen's Cambodian People's Party (CPP) won 68 of the 123 seats in the National Assembly, 22 less than at the 2008 election. The Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP, see note), headed by opposition leader Sam Rainsy, nearly doubled its share, from 29 to 55 seats. The CNRP said it won the poll, claiming widespread irregularities.

In 2009, Mr. Rainsy was sentenced to 11 years in jail in absentia on charges that included altering public documents. He was living in exile in France. The fact that he was not registered as a voter made him ineligible for the 2013 elections. Shortly before polling day, he received a royal pardon and returned to Cambodia. This reportedly boosted support for the CNRP, which pledged to work for the welfare of workers, raising the minimum monthly wage from US$ 80 to 150, and to provide a monthly pension of US$ 10 to the elderly.

The Speaker of the National Assembly, Mr. Heng Samrin (CPP), urged voters to support the CPP, underscoring that Prime Minister Hun Sen would guarantee peace, political and social stability, and greater development. Mr. Hun Sen, 60, who has been in power since 1985, has said he wants to lead the country until he turns 74.

Note:
The Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) was officially registered in October 2012 following the merger of the Sam Rainsy Party and the Human Rights Party, which had won 26 and three seats respectively in the 2008 elections.

Following the July 2013 elections, 55 opposition candidates-elect refused to take up their seats, demanding electoral reform and fresh elections. In July 2014, an agreement between the government and the CNRP opened the way for the CNRP members to take up their seats in the National Assembly in return for a promise of electoral reforms. Mr. Rainsy became a member of the National Assembly later in the same month, replacing another CNRP candidate-elect. The National Election Committee stated that Mr. Rainsy was eligible for a parliamentary seat because he had re-registered on the voter list in October 2013.
Date of previous elections: 27 July 2008

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: N/A

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: July 2018

Number of seats at stake: 123 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 886 (718 men, 168 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 19%

Number of parties contesting the election: 8

Number of parties winning seats: 2

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1

Names of parties in government: Cambodian People's Party (CPP)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 23 September 2013

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Heng Samrin (CPP)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 128 July 2013
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
9'600'000


Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Cambodian People's Party (CPP)
Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
Cambodian People's Party (CPP) 68
Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) 55
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men
Women
Percent of women
98
25
20.33%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Source: National Assembly (13.09.2013)

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