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MAURITANIA
Al Jamiya-Al-Wataniya (National Assembly)

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GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Barlamane / Parliament
More photos  >>>
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Al Jamiya-Al-Wataniya / National Assembly
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis Al-Chouyoukh / Senate
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1966 - 1978
1994 - 2005
2008 -
LEADERSHIP
President Mohamed Ould Boilil (M) 
Notes Elected on 29 Jan. 2014.
Secretary General Mohamed Vall Ould Lekoueiry (M) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 147 / 147
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


More statistics  >>>
Women (current number) 37 (25.17%)
Mode of designation directly elected 147
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 23 November 2013
21 December 2013 (View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Al Jamiya-Al-Wataniya
Assemblée nationale
B.P. 185
Avenue de l'Indépendance
NOUAKCHOTT
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (222) 4525 14 52
4529 44 17
Fax (222) 4525 18 47
E-mail
Website
http://www.assembleenationale.mr/

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Barlamane / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Al Jamiya-Al-Wataniya / National Assembly
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis Al-Chouyoukh / Senate
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 7 October 1991
Last amendment: 2006 (ordonnance 2006-028)
Mode of designation directly elected 147
Constituencies - 45 regional constituencies for a total of 81 seats
- one 14-seat nationwide constituency reserved for political parties
Voting system Mixed: Mixed system
The candidate lists for two-member constituencies must comprise at least one candidate of each sex. Those for the three-member constituencies should include at least one woman candidate in the first or the second place on the list. The list for larger constituencies should comprise a candidate of each gender alternately.
Majority vote for single-member and two-member constituencies
- For single-member constituencies: majoritarian system. A run-off election is held if no candidate obtains an absolute majority in the first round. An absolute majority is no longer required in the run-off. If two candidates receive the same number of votes, the oldest candidate is elected.
- For two-seat constituencies: majoritarian system. Any list obtaining an absolute majority is awarded the two seats. A run-off election is held if no list obtains an absolute majority in the first round. An absolute majority is no longer required in the run-off.
Proportional representation system (closed list) for constituencies with three or more seats: seats are allocated on the basis of the largest remainder system.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18
- Mauritanian citizenship
- full possession of civil and political rights
- residence for six months or more in home district
- disqualifications: insanity, undischarged bankrupts, criminals, imprisonment
CANDIDATES
Eligibility - qualified electors
- age: 25
- Mauritanian citizenship
- ineligibility: naturalization for less than 10 years, conviction for electoral fraud
Incompatibilities - members of the Government
- holders of certain other public offices
Candidacy requirements - candidacies may be submitted by duly registered political parties or coalitions of political groups, and by independent candidates or groups of independent candidates
- deposit of 20,000 ougiyas, reimbursed if the candidate or the political party obtains at least 5 per cent of the votes cast in the constituency

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Barlamane / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Al Jamiya-Al-Wataniya / National Assembly
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis Al-Chouyoukh / Senate
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)23 November 2013
21 December 2013
Timing and scope of renewal The Union for the Republic (UPR, the party of President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz) and its allies won 110 seats in the enlarged 147-member National Assembly (up from 95). 20 seats are reserved for women. Opposition forces took a total of 37 seats. The National Rally for Reform and Development (Tawassoul), an Islamist party associated with Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, became the second largest force, taking 16 seats. El-Wiam, a new party close to former President Maaouiya Ould Taya (ousted by a coup in 2005), took 10 seats. The People's Progressive Alliance (APP) led by outgoing Speaker of the National Assembly Messaoud Ould Boulkheir took nine seats.

The 2013 elections, which had been due by 2011, were held under the supervision of the national election commission. The commission comprised an equal number of members from the presidential camp and moderate opposition parties that were part of the Coalition for a Peaceful Alternance (CAP ), which had signed an agreement with the Government in August 2011.

Ten out of 11 parties in a rival opposition body – the Coordination of Democratic Opposition (COD) – boycotted the elections, criticizing a lack of transparency in the electoral process.

The UPR ran on the government's record, arguing that nearly 100 per cent of President Aziz's first-term electoral program had been implemented. Tawassoul leader Mohamed Jamil Ould Mansour Tewassoul argued that participation in the elections was a form of "struggle against the dictatorship" of President Aziz.
Date of previous elections: 19 November 2006

Timing of election: Delayed elections

Expected date of next elections: November – December 2018

Number of seats at stake: 147 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: About 1,500

Percentage of women candidates: Not available

Number of parties contesting the election: 64 parties (438 lists)

Number of parties winning seats: 18

Alternation of power: No

Names of parties in government: Union for the Republic party (UPR)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 27 January 2014

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Mohamed Ould Boilil (UPR)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 1 (from/to)23 November 2013
21 December 2013
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes



Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Union for the Republic Party (UPR)
National Rally for Reform and Development (TAWASSOUL)
El WIAM party
People's Progressive Alliance (APP)
El Karam Party
Union for Democracy and Progress (UDP)
Burst of Youth for the Nation (SURSAUT)
Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal (AJD/MR)
Ravah Party
Unity and Development Party (PUD)
EL VADILA Party
Democratic Justice Party (PJD)
Republican Party for Democracy and Renewal (PRDR)
El Islah Party
Mauritanian Autheticity Party
Dignity and Action Party (PDA)
Social-Democratic Unionist Party (PUDS)
Democratic People's Party (PPD)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
Union for the Republic Party (UPR) 76
National Rally for Reform and Development (TAWASSOUL) 16
El WIAM party 10
People's Progressive Alliance (APP) 7
El Karam Party 6
Union for Democracy and Progress (UDP) 6
Burst of Youth for the Nation (SURSAUT) 4
Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal (AJD/MR) 4
Ravah Party 3
Unity and Development Party (PUD) 3
EL VADILA Party 3
Democratic Justice Party (PJD) 2
Republican Party for Democracy and Renewal (PRDR) 2
El Islah Party 1
Mauritanian Autheticity Party 1
Dignity and Action Party (PDA) 1
Social-Democratic Unionist Party (PUDS) 1
Democratic People's Party (PPD) 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
110

37

25.17%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
National Assembly (06.02.2014, 09.02.2014)
http://www.ceni.mr/spip.php?page=article&id_article=630

Note on the election dates:
Due to the delay of the publication of the first round results, the election commission postponed the second round of voting from 7 to 21 December.

This page was last updated on 14 March 2014
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