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GEORGIA
Sakartvelos Parlamenti (Parliament)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Sakartvelos Parlamenti / Parliament
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1997 - 2003
2005 -
LEADERSHIP
President Irakli Kobakhidze (M) 
Notes Elected on 18 Nov. 2016.
Secretary General Zurab Marakvelidze (M) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 150 / 150
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 24 (16.00%)
Mode of designation directly elected 150
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 8 October 2016
30 October 2016 (View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Parliament of Georgia
26 Abashidze Street
4600, Kutaisi
GEORGIA
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (995 332) 28 13 72 (Inter-Parliamentary Group)
28 90 71 (Speaker)
28 90 02 (Secretary General)
Fax
E-mail zmarakvelidze@parliament.ge (Secretary General)
lperadze@parliament.ge (Ms. Lika Peradze, Secretary of the Georgian Delegation to the IPU)
Website
http://www.parliament.ge

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Sakartvelos Parlamenti / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 9 January 1995
Last updated on 29 June 2012
Mode of designation directly elected 150
Constituencies - One nationwide constituency for the PR system.
- 73 single-member constituencies for the majority system.
Voting system Mixed: - 77 seats by the Proportional Representation system (closed party List system)
Parties exceeding a 5-per cent threshold are entitled to win seats under the PR system.
- 73 seats by the Majority system (first past the post): If no candidate secures 30 per cent of the valid vote, run-off elections will be held between the two leading candidates.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Georgian citizenship
CANDIDATES
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Georgian citizenship
- fulfilment of residence requirements
Incompatibilities - any position in a state office
- industrial activities
- membership of territorial representative body (except Abkhazian or Adjarian supreme bodies)
Candidacy requirements - proportional system: nomination by duly registered parties or blocs supported by at least 30,000 electors or already represented in Parliament
- majority system: each candidate must be nominated by a party or needs backing of at least 1000 electors unless he/she is member of outgoing legislature

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Sakartvelos Parlamenti / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)8 October 2016
30 October 2016
Timing and scope of renewal Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili's Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia (see note) won 115 seats in the 150-member Parliament, up from 85 that it took in 2012. It thus secured the three-fifths majority required to adopt constitutional amendments. The opposition United National Movement (UNM), founded by former President Mikhail Saakashvili, fell from 65 to 27 seats. The UNM was led by Mr. Davit Bakradze, replacing Mr. Saakashvili who became governor of Ukraine's Odessa region in May 2015 (and lost his Georgian citizenship). The Alliance of Patriots of Georgia, a pro-Russian party, took six seats.

The 2016 elections were the first to be held under President Georgy Margvelashvili (independent, backed by the Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia). Since the presidential election in October 2013, there have been three prime ministers: the founder of the Georgian Dream coalition, Mr. Bidzina Ivanishvili, resigned in November 2013; his successor Mr. Irakli Gharibashvili resigned in December 2015 and was followed by Mr. Kvirikashvili. During the 2016 election campaign, Prime Minister Kvirikashvili promised to boost economic and cultural ties with Russia and to work for constitutional amendments. The UNM pledged to prevent one party rule in Georgia.

Note:
The Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia party was part of the "Georgian Dream coalition" that won the previous elections in 2012 and which initially comprised six parties, listed below. Three parties - National Forum , the Republican Party of Georgia (led by Speaker David Usupashvili ) and Our Georgia - Free Democrats – subsequently left the coalition, and all parties competed separately in the 2016 elections.
- Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia
- Conservative Party of Georgia
- Industry will save Georgia
- National Forum
- Republican Party of Georgia
- Our Georgia - Free Democrats
Date of previous elections: 1 October 2012

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 18 November 2016

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: October 2020

Number of seats at stake: 150 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 816 candidates under the majority system (673 men, 143 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 17.5% under the majority system and about 37% under the proportional representation system.

Number of parties contesting the election: 25*
*Including six coalitions.

Number of parties winning seats: 4

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1

Names of parties in government: Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 18 November 2016

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Irakli Kobakhidze (Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 1 (from/to)8 October 2016
30 October 2016
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
3'510'514


Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia
United National Movement (UNM)
Alliance of Patriots of Georgia
Industry Will Save Georgia-Our Fatherland
Independents
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats Proportional Majority
Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia 115 44 71
United National Movement (UNM) 27 27 0
Alliance of Patriots of Georgia 6 6 0
Industry Will Save Georgia-Our Fatherland 1 0 1
Independents 1 0 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
126

24

16.00%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
Parliament (24.11.2016, 29.11.2016)
http://cesko.ge/eng

This page was last updated on 29 November 2016
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