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MALAYSIA
Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlimen / Parliament
More photos  >>>
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Dewan Rakyat / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Dewan Negara / Senate
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1967 -
LEADERSHIP
President Tan Sri Pandikar Amin Haji Mulia (M) 
Notes Elected on 28 April 2008, re-elected on 24 June 2013.
Secretary General Roosme Hamzah (F) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 222 / 222
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


More statistics  >>>
Women (current number) 23 (10.36%)
Mode of designation directly elected 222
Notes
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 5 May 2013
(View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Dewan Rakyat
Bangunan Parlimen
Jalan Parlimen
50680 KUALA LUMPUR
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (603) 207 21 955
Fax (603) 207 00 986
E-mail ipumalay@parlimen.gov.my
Website
http://www.parlimen.gov.my

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlimen / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Dewan Rakyat / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Dewan Negara / Senate
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 28 August 1958
Last amendment: 29/10/2003
Mode of designation directly elected 222
Constituencies 222single-member constituencies.
Voting system Majority: Direct simple majority vote.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled within 60 days through by-elections.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 21 years
- Malaysian citizenship
- residence in the constituency where voting
- disqualifications: insanity, undischarged bankruptcy, imprisonment, sentence of death or imprisonment exceeding 12 months
CANDIDATES
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 21 years
- Malaysian citizenship
- residence in the country
- ineligibility: insanity, allegiance to a foreign State, imprisonment for at least one year or fine of at least RM 2,000.
Incompatibilities Holders of an "office of profit" (i.e., a full-time office in the public services) such as:
- judge of the Federal Court or a High Court
- Auditor-General
- member of the Election Commission
Candidacy requirements - each candidate (party member or independent) must be supported by a proposer and a seconder of same constituency.
- deposit of RM 10,000, reimbursed if the candidate polls more than 1/8 of the total number of votes obtained by all the candidates in the constituency

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlimen / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Dewan Rakyat / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Dewan Negara / Senate
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 5 May 2013
Timing and scope of renewal The National Front (BN) - a 13-party ruling coalition comprising Prime Minister Najib Razak’s United Malays National Organization (UMNO) - took 133 seats in the 222-member House of Representatives, down from 140 seats in 2008 and 199 in 2004. The Prime Minister promised to continue his economic policies.

The three-party opposition coalition Pakatan Rakyat (People’s Alliance, see note), led by former Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim took the remainder, pledging to end corruption. It won a majority of popular votes, with 51%, reportedly drawing strong support from the Chinese community in urban areas. Mr. Anwar accused the BN of electoral fraud, an accusation denied by the government.

On 6 May, Mr. Najib was sworn in as Prime Minister by King Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah and subsequently named a 57-member Cabinet, one of the world’s largest.

Note:
The Pakatan Rakyat (People’s Alliance) comprised the Democratic Action Party (DAP), the People's Justice Party (PKR) and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS).
Date of previous elections: 8 March 2008

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 3 April 2013

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry*
*The term of the members in the outgoing legislature expired on 30 April.
Although the previous elections were held in March 2008, the new elections needed to be called by 2 June 2013 (within 60 days from 3 April).

Expected date of next elections: May 2018

Number of seats at stake: 222 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 579 (523 men, 56 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 9.7%

Number of parties contesting the election: 4 (one coalition and three parties)

Number of parties winning seats: 4

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1 coalition comprising 13 parties

Names of parties in government: National Front (BN)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 24 June 2013

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Tan Sri Pandikar Amin Haji Mulia (National Front, BN)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 15 May 2013
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
13'268'002
11'257'147 (84.84%)

Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
National Front (BN)
Democratic Action Party (DAP)
People's Justice Party (PKR)
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
National Front (BN) 133
Democratic Action Party (DAP) 38
People's Justice Party (PKR) 30
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) 21
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
199

23

10.36%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
House of Representatives (06.06.2013)
http://resultpru13.spr.gov.my/

PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlimen / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Dewan Rakyat / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Dewan Negara / Senate
APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE
Title Speaker of the House of Representatives
Term - duration: 5 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution
Appointment - elected by all the Member of the House
- election is held at the first sitting of the newly elected House or when a vacancy occurs
- before Members are sworn in
Eligibility - any Member of the House (except a Minister or a Parliamentary Secretary) or any person not Member of the House, but qualified to be elected as its Speaker, may be candidate
- candidatures must be submitted by a third party who is himself a Member of the House
- candidatures must be supported by another Member of the House
- candidatures must be deposited at least 14 days before the election
Voting system - if only one candidatures is submitted : the candidates is elected without a vote or debate
- if two candidatures are submitted : a vote by secret ballot is held. The simple majority is required
- if more than two candidatures are submitted : a vote by secret ballot is held. In the absence of an absolute majority, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated after each round of voting
Procedures / results - the Clerk (Setiausaha) presides over the House during the voting
STATUS
Status - in the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker (Timbalan Yang di-Pertua) can assume his/her role and functions
Board
Material facilities NA (no information received)
FUNCTIONS
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions, in exceptional case only
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of petitions, questions, bills and amendments
Chairing of public sittings - can open and close sittings, within the framework of the Standing Orders
- can suspend sittings for short periods
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the House
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives (the Member who catches the Speaker's eye would have the floor) and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
Special powers - is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the House
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes part in voting, only in the case of a tied vote

This page was last updated on 9 August 2013
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