IPU Logo    INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION
>>> VERSION FRANÇAISE  
   HOME -> PARLINE -> MOROCCO (Majliss-annouwab)
Print this pagePrint this page
PARLINE database new searchNew search
MOROCCO
Majliss-annouwab (House of Representatives)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Barlaman / Parliament
More photos  >>>
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majliss-annouwab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis al-Mustacharin / House of Councillors
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1964 - 1965
1971 - 1973
1978 -
LEADERSHIP
President Rachid Talbi Alami (M) 
Notes Elected on 11 Apr. 2014.
Secretary General Najib El Khadi (M) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 395 / 395
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


More statistics  >>>
Women (current number) 81 (20.51%)
Mode of designation directly elected 395
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 7 October 2016
(View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Chambre des Représentants
BP 431 - RABAT
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (212 537) 76 09 60
76 26 20
67 95 10
67 95 02
(212 537) 67 96 01 (Secretary General)
Fax (212 537) 76 77 26 (Cabinet du Président / Office of the President)
(212 537) 76 03 90 (Secrétaire général / Secretary General)
E-mail parlement@parlement.ma
s.general@parlement.ma
Website
http://www.parlement.ma

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Barlaman / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majliss-annouwab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis al-Mustacharin / House of Councillors
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 17 August 1997
Last amendment: Organic law No. 7-11, 29 Sep't. 2011
Mode of designation directly elected 395
Constituencies - 92 multi-member constituencies (for 305 seats)
- One nationwide constituency for 90 seats: 60 reserved for women and 30 reserved for young people under 40 years.
Voting system Proportional: Closed party-list system applying the rule of the highest average without vote-splitting or preferential votes.
- A 6-per-cent threshold applies for the 305 seats filled through electoral districts
- A 3-per-cent threshold applies to 90 seats filled by a national list (60 reserved for women and 30 for young people under 40 years old).
Seats that fall vacant during the legislative term are filled through by-elections. In cases where a by-election is held to fill only one seat, a relative majority system in one round applies.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Moroccan citizenship
CANDIDATES
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 23 years
- Moroccan citizenship
- ineligibility: naturalised citizens, persons restricted by court order
Incompatibilities - magistrates
- members of public authorities
- members of the armed and security forces
- heads of regional divisions of the Department of National Security and police commissioners
- all non-elective public posts (except governmental ones) at the national or local level
- work for public undertakings
Candidacy requirements - candidatures must be submitted at least 14 days prior to polling day
- compulsory monetary deposit reimbursed if the candidate, or list of candidates, obtains at least 5% of the votes cast in the constituency concerned

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Barlaman / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majliss-annouwab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis al-Mustacharin / House of Councillors
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 7 October 2016
Timing and scope of renewal As in the previous elections, no party won an outright majority in the 395-member House of Representatives. The Justice and Development Party (PJD ), led by Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane, remained the largest party, winning 125 seats, up from 107. Its coalition partners in the outgoing legislature (see note) took a total of 128 seats. The PJD's main rival, the Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM, liberal, founded by Mr. Fouad Ali El Himma, a former advisor to the King) more than doubled its seats to 102. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on economic and social reforms, the pension system and Islamism .

Note:
The PJD-led coalition government formed in January 2012 comprised the Istiqlal Party (PI), the Popular Movement (MP) and the Progress and Socialism Party (PPS). The National Rally of Independents (RNI) joined in October 2013, replacing the PI.
Date of previous elections: 25 November 2011

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: November 2021

Number of seats at stake: 395 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 6,992

Percentage of women candidates: Not available.

Number of parties contesting the election: 32

Number of parties winning seats: 12

Alternation of power: No*
*Monarchy

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 14 October 2016
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 17 October 2016
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
15'702'592


Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Justice and Development Party (PJD)
Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM)
Istiqlal Party (PI)
National Rally of Independents (RNI)
Popular Movement (MP)
Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP)
Constitutional Union (UC)
Progress and Socialism Party (PPS)
Democratic and social Movement (MDS)
Federation of the Democratic Left (FGD)
Unity and Development Party (PUD)
Moroccan Green Left Party (PGVM)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats Constituency seats List seats
Justice and Development Party (PJD) 125 98 27
Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM) 102 81 21
Istiqlal Party (PI) 46 35 11
National Rally of Independents (RNI) 37 28 9
Popular Movement (MP) 27 20 7
Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP) 20 14 6
Constitutional Union (UC) 19 15 4
Progress and Socialism Party (PPS) 12 7 5
Democratic and social Movement (MDS) 3 3 0
Federation of the Democratic Left (FGD) 2 2 0
Unity and Development Party (PUD) 1 1 0
Moroccan Green Left Party (PGVM) 1 1 0
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
314

81

20.51%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
House of Representatives (26.10.2016)
http://www.ifes.org
http://www.map.ma/en/Home
http://www.reuters.com
http://www.aljazeera.com
http://www.huffpostmaghreb.com
http://lnt.ma/

PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Barlaman / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majliss-annouwab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis al-Mustacharin / House of Councillors
APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE
Title Speaker of the House of Representatives
Term - duration: 2 and a half years
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution
Appointment - elected by all the Members of the House of Representatives
- elected at the start of the legislature and subsequently in the third year for the rest of the legislature
- after validation of Members' mandates
Eligibility - any Member who has formally announced his candidature is eligible
- notification of candidature may be made at the first plenary sitting devoted to the election
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- absolute majority in the first and second rounds, relative majority in the third round
Procedures / results - the provisional Bureau chaired by the oldest Member and seconded by the four youngest Members presides over the House during the voting
- the youngest Members of the Bureau supervise the voting
- the provisional Chair announces the results without delay
- the results cannot be challenged
STATUS
Status - ranks third in the hierarchy of the State immediately after the Head of the Government
- represents the Assembly with the public authorities
- is a member of the Consultative Council for Human Rights
- represents the Assembly in international bodies (IPU, AIPU, UAP)
- presides over the Board and the Conference of Speakers
- in the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speakers can assume his/her role and functions
Board - is set up and regulated by the Standing Orders
- consists of the Speaker (term of two and a half years), eight Deputy Speakers, two quaestors, and three parliamentary secretaries (term of two and a half years)
- meets once weekly at the Speaker's initiative
- constitutes a true collegial presidency
Material facilities - allowance
FUNCTIONS
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
- examines the admissibility of requests for setting up committees and/or commissions of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting-up of such committees
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- takes disciplinary measures within the House
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the House in the light of precedents
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - supervises the establishment of the budget which is prepared by the quaestor's office
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff with the Board's agreement
- appoints the Clerk
- organizes the services of Parliament together with the Board and the Clerk
- plays a specific role in overseeing foreign relations and defence
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- may take part in voting - however, his/her duties call for neutrality
- appoints four of the nine members of the Constitutional Court
- may be consulted if the Head of State decides to introduce exceptional powers

PARLIAMENTARY MANDATE

Parliament name (generic / translated) Barlaman / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majliss-annouwab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis al-Mustacharin / House of Councillors
NATURE
Nature of the mandate · Free representation (Art. 30 of the 2011 Constitution)
Start of the mandate · When the results are declared
Validation of mandates · No validation, except in the event of challenge. In this case, the Constitutional Council rules on the regularity of the election (Art. 79 (1) of the Constitution).
· Procedure (Art. 79 (7) of the Constitution, Art. 48 and 49 of the Organic Law on the Composition of and Election to the House of Representatives)
End of the mandate · On the day when the legal term of the House ends - or on the day of early dissolution (Art. 3 (2) of the Organic Law on the Compostion of and Election to the House of Representatives; for dissolution, see Art. 70 and 71 (2) of the Constitution)
Can MPs resign? Yes · Authority competent to accept the resignation: the President of the House of Representatives
Can MPs lose their mandate ? Yes (a) Revocation before expiry of mandate
(b) Definitive exclusion from Parliament by the latter:
(c) Loss of mandate by judicial decision: loss of mandate for ineligibilities or incompatibilities (Art. 12, 14 and 15 of the Organic Law on the Composition of and Election to the House of Representatives)
STATUS OF MEMBERS
Rank in hierarchy
Indemnities, facilities and services · Official passport
· Basic salary: DH 30,000
+ Additional allowance
· Exemption from tax
· Pension scheme
· Other facilities:
(a) Secretariat for parliamentary groups
(b) Official housing
(c) Official car: allowance for Board members and Committee Chairpersons
(d) Security guards
(e) Postal and telephone services:
(f) Travel and transport: 50% reduction on tickets
Obligation to declare personal assets Yes
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary non-accountability · The concept exists (Art. 37 (1) of the Constitution).
· Parliamentary non-accountability applies to words spoken and written by MPs both within and outside Parliament as long as it falls within the exercise of their parliamentary mandate.
· Exceptions: opinions which call into question the monarchy or Islam or which constitute disrespect for the King
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary inviolability · The concept exists (Art. 37 (2) and (3) of the Constitution).
· It covers all offences with the exception of opinions which call into question the monarchy or Islam or which constitute disrespect for the King, and protects MPs from arrest and from being held in preventive custody, from the opening of judicial proceedings against them and from their homes being searched.
· Exceptions:
- When Parliament is in session, an MP can be prosecuted or arrested for flagrante delicto crimes or offences.
- When Parliament is in recess, an MP can be arrested for cases involving flagrante delicto, authorized prosecution or final sentencing.
· Protection is provided from the start to the end of the mandate. It does not automatically cover judicial proceedings instituted against MPs before their election, but these may be suspended (Art. 37 (4) of the Constitution).
· Parliamentary immunity (inviolability) can be lifted (Art. 37 (2) and (3) of the Constitution):
- Competent authority: the House; the Bureau of the House (arrests during recesses)
· Parliament can suspend the prosecution and/or detention of one of its members (Art. 37 (4) of the Constitution):
- Competent authority: the House of Representatives
- Procedure (Art. 37 (4) of the Constitution)
EXERCISE OF THE MANDATE
Training Following the elections of 25 November 2011, the Secretary General prepared a guide as well as a set of important documents constituting an MP's briefcase, which was distributed to all members of parliament at the start of the parliamentary term.
Furthermore, a training/induction session in parliamentary procedure and practice for MPs was organized by the parliamentary groups.
Participation in the work of the Parliament · Members of parliament must be present for the plenary sittings, committee sittings and at the inaugural session, which is presided over by His Majesty the King the second Friday in October each year.
· Sanctions are provided for cases of unjustified absence for plenary sittings and are set forth in the Standing Orders of the House of Representatives.
Discipline
Code (rules) of conduct
Relations between MPs and pressure group

This page was last updated on 30 November 2016
Copyright 1996-2016 Inter-Parliamentary Union