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TURKMENISTAN
Mejlis (Assembly)

Modules:
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Mejlis / Assembly
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU No
Affiliation date(s)
LEADERSHIP
President Akja Tajiyewna Nurberdiyewa (F) 
Notes Re-elected on 9 Jan. 2009 and on 7 Jan. 2014.
Secretary General Gulnara Artykova (F) 
COMPOSITION
Members (statutory / current number) 125 / 124
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN


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Women (current number) 32 (25.81%)
Mode of designation directly elected 125
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 15 December 2013
(View details)
CONTACT INFORMATION
Address Mejlis of Turkmenistan
Neutral Turkmenistan str, 17
ASHGABAT 744000
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (99312) 35 31 25
39 59 58
Fax (99312) 35 31 47
35 14 49
39 59 58
E-mail
Website

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Parliament name (generic / translated) Mejlis / Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Electoral law 13 May 1994
Mode of designation directly elected 125
Constituencies 125 single-member constituencies.
Voting system Majority: Single-Member Plurality Systems ("first past the post")
A candidate is declared elected if he/she obtains at least 50 % of the votes cast in each constituency.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections held within three months, unless the vacancy occurs less than one year before the end of the legislature's term.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Turkmen citizenship
- residence in district of registration
- disqualifications: insanity, imprisonment, preventive detention
CANDIDATES
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Turkmen citizenship
- ineligibility: imprisonment
Incompatibilities - membership of the Cabinet
- certain high public offices
- judge or public prosecutor
Candidacy requirements - nominations 45 to 30 days before the elections
- candidatures submitted by legally registered political parties, public associations and organizations or by assemblies of citizens of at least 200 voters residing in the same constituency. Absolute majority backing required for each name to go forward.

LAST ELECTIONS

Parliament name (generic / translated) Mejlis / Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 15 December 2013
Timing and scope of renewal The Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT) remained the largest force in the first multi-party elections since the country's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Two parties and five public organizations – all loyal to President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov – took part in the elections. The Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, formed by Mr. Ovezmammed Mammedov in August 2012, took 14 seats. Two major public organizations - the Federation of Trade Unions and Women's Union - took 33 and 16 seats respectively. Mr. Mammedov had won a by-election held in June 2013, becoming the first non-DPT parliamentarian.

Until the adoption of the Political Parties Act by the Assembly in January 2012, the DPT (formerly the Communist Party) had been the sole political party in the country. The President had headed the party, until August 2013 when President Berdimuhamedov resigned as DPT chairman for the duration of his presidential term in order to promote a multiparty system. Prior to the 2013 elections, he underscored "the need for strict control of the entire process of democratic elections, ensuring their openness and transparency".
Date of previous elections: 14 December 2008

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: N/A

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: December 2018

Number of seats at stake: 125 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 283

Percentage of women candidates: Not available.

Number of parties contesting the election: 2

Number of parties winning seats: 2

Alternation of power: No

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 7 January 2014

Name of the new Speaker: Ms. Akja Tajiyewna Nurberdiyewa Democratic Party of Turkmenistan, DPT)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 115 December 2013
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
3'063'000
2'797'637 (91.34%)

Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT)
Federation of Trade Unions
Women's Union
Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs
Magtumguly Youth Organization
Groups of citizens of Turkmenistan
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT) 47
Federation of Trade Unions 33
Women's Union 16
Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs 14
Magtumguly Youth Organization 8
Groups of citizens of Turkmenistan 7
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men

Women

Percent of women
92

33

26.40%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
Assembly (01.01.2015)
http://www.turkmenistan.gov.tm/_eng
Permanent Mission of Turkmenistan to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva (20.01.2014)

PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENTARY CHAMBER

Parliament name (generic / translated) Mejlis / Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE
Title Chairman of the Assembly
Term - duration: 5 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, decision of the Mejlis, death, dissolution of the Parliament
Appointment - elected by the Mejlis at the first sitting of the newly convened Mejlis
- after Members' mandates are validated
Eligibility - a candidacy for the post is proposed among the Deputies of the Mejlis and discussed at the meeting of the Mejlis itself
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- the Mejlis elects a Committee of tellers to conduct the election and to determine the results thereof
- each Deputy votes personnally; the Committee of tellers counts the vote and prepares a protocol which is approved at the Mejlis session - should more than 2 candidates be nominated for the post and none of them receive the necessary number of votes to be elected, a run-off is held between the two candidates who have received the highest number of votes
- absolute majority is required (more than one half of the votes of the number of Deputies)
Procedures / results - the Chairman of the Central Commission for Elections and Referenda presides over the Mejlis during the voting
- the Committee of tellers supervises the voting
- the Committee of tellers announces the results without any delay
- the results cannot be challenged, but if mistakes in the procedure and technique of voting are detected, a new vote may be held if the Mejlis so decides
STATUS
Status - at the instruction of the President of Turkmenistan, the Chairman of the Mejlis performs certain of the President of the Mejlis' duties as provided for by the Constitution
- President's powers are transferred to the Chairman until a new President is elected
- represents the Mejlis with the Khalk maslakhaty (People's Council), the President and other state bodies and public associations
- represents the Mejlis in international bodies
- in the absence of the Chairman, the Vice-Chairman can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Presidium consists of the Chairman of the Mejlis, the Vice-Chairman and the chairmen of the committees
- meetings are convened as necessary by the Chairman - have a quorum when at least 2/3 of the Members are presents
- is a collective body
Material facilities - salary
- official car
FUNCTIONS
Organization of parliamentary business - organizes the debates
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
- verifies the admissibility of request for setting up committees and/or committees of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting up of such committees
Chairing of public sittings - decides to open, adjourn and close sittings by putting these questions to a vote
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders, according the Law
- can make announcements concerning the Mejlis
- is responsible for discipline within the Mejlis
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- amendments are discussed and adopted, in accordance with the Rules of Procedure
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Mejlis
Special powers - appoints and dismisses officials of the Mejlis services
- makes a proposal to the Presidium concerning the structure of Mejlis services
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion, in accordance with the Rules of Procedure
- takes part in voting
- may propose bills or amendments

This page was last updated on 3 February 2015
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