Every country in the world has some form of parliament. Parliamentary systems fall into two categories: bicameral and unicameral. Out of 193 countries in the world, 79 are bicameral and 114 are unicameral, making a total of 272 chambers of parliament with over 46,000 members of parliament. IPU membership is made up of 179 national parliaments. Discover the world's national
The IPU has been collecting data on parliaments since its inception in 1889, including information on women’s participation in politics since 1945. In this section, discover the IPU's knowledge bank for and about parliaments.
The 12th Summit of Women Speakers of Parliament, organized by the Chamber of Deputies of the Plurinational State of Bolivia and the IPU, will be held on 25 and 26 April 2018.
The Summit will focus on inclusive societies and political decision-making, with particular emphasis on stemming violence against women in politics. Participants will discuss and identify collective and individual action needed to foster inclusive societies that are stable, safe and just for all and that enable all people to participate in social, economic, cultural and political life on the basis of equality, equity and dignity. The meeting will also offer an opportunity to shape strategies to put an end to the violence that women face in the political arena and that hinders their participation in political decision-making.
The Summit maintains the special spirit of the traditional Annual Meetings of women Speakers of Parliament and aims to provide women in the highest decision making positions of parliament a regular forum and opportunity to exchange ideas and experiences which are of interest to their national and international agendas.
Previous Meetings of Women Speakers of Parliament 11th (2016), 10th (2015), 9th (2014), 8th (2013), 7th (2012), 6th (2010), 5th (2009), 3rd (2007)
In order to enter Bolivia, all foreign citizens must have proof of a yellow fever vaccination. The vaccine must be taken at least ten days prior to entry.
Vacuna La vacuna contra la fiebre amarilla es obligatoria para todo ciudadano extranjero no residente en Bolivia para entrar en su territorio. Esta vacuna deberá realizarse como mínimo diez días antes de la fecha de embarque.
Opening Ceremony: Welcome remarks by Ms. Gabriela Montaño Viaña, Speaker of the Bolivian Chamber of Deputies and Ms. Gabriela Cuevas Barron, IPU President
Keynote address: D. Alvaro Garcia Linera, Vice-President, Bolivia (TBC)