Every country in the world has some form of parliament. Parliamentary systems fall into two categories: bicameral and unicameral. Out of 193 countries in the world, 79 are bicameral and 113 are unicameral, making a total of 272 chambers of parliament with over 46,000 members of parliament. IPU membership is made up of 178 national parliaments. Discover the world's national
The IPU has been collecting data on parliaments since its inception in 1889, including information on women’s participation in politics since 1945. In this section, discover the IPU's knowledge bank for and about parliaments.
2nd session of the UN Forum on Human Rights, Democracy and the Rule of Law
The United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) organizes, with the support of the IPU, the second session of the Forum on Human Rights, Democracy and the Rule of Law that will address the theme of Parliaments as promoters of human rights, democracy and the rule of law on 22 and 23 November at Palais des Nations in Geneva. The session aims at sharing good parliamentary practices on these issues, discussing existing and potential challenges for parliaments and ways to address them as well as further avenues for cooperation between the UN and parliaments.