Every country in the world has some form of parliament. Parliamentary systems fall into two categories: bicameral and unicameral. Out of 193 countries in the world, 79 are bicameral and 113 are unicameral, making a total of 272 chambers of parliament with over 46,000 members of parliament. IPU membership is made up of 179 national parliaments. Discover the world's national
The IPU has been collecting data on parliaments since its inception in 1889, including information on women’s participation in politics since 1945. In this section, discover the IPU's knowledge bank for and about parliaments.
This is the second webinar in the Climate Legislation Webinar Series organized by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), the Center for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat. This three-part series aims to build the capacity of parliamentarians and other key stakeholders in their response to climate change, and to promote knowledge-sharing on key topics in legislation and governance that arise in the implementation of the Paris Agreement. Participants will benefit from expert legal opinions and findings to support domestic legislative and policymaking efforts in implementing the Paris Agreement.
This second webinar focuses on law and governance approaches related to the ocean and climate change, i.e. within the ocean–climate nexus. Oceans cover three quarters of the Earth’s surface and are important sources of biodiversity and ecosystem services. However, they are increasingly under threat due to climate change. This webinar will explore domestic policymaking processes to examine how legislation on both climate change and the ocean can be strengthened. The webinar will share best practices in lawmaking and the creation of institutional arrangements towards addressing climate change in the context of ocean governance. Participants will learn how legislators and parliaments can improve coordination and build capacity to address ocean–climate nexus issues from a lawmaking perspective.
Dr. Alexandra Harrington, Research Director and Lead Counsel, CISDL
Mr. Ahmed Saleem, Member of Parliament, Maldives (People’s Majlis of Maldives)
This 60-minute webinar will be hosted on Zoom. Simultaneous French and Spanish interpretation will be provided.
This series is open to all parliamentarians and parliamentary staff, and is of particular relevance to legal staff. The other webinars will take place on 27 August (1–2 p.m. GMT) and 8 October (1–2 p.m. GMT). Participants are encouraged to join the whole series.