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Reports

This category covers recurring publications that offer updated information about IPU and priority themes including women’s and youth participation in politics.

Displaying 41 - 60 of 60 items

The World e-Parliament Report 2008 represents a first effort to establish a baseline of how parliaments are using, or planning to use ICT to help them fulfill their responsibilities and to connect to their constituencies. The Report is based on the responses and comments provided by 105 assemblies from around the world to a survey on the use of ICT in parliament conducted between July and November 2007. It also draws on experiences exchanged during the World e-Parliament Conference 2007 and relevant publicly available information.

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The World e-Parliament Report 2012 documents the efforts of legislatures to use information and communication technologies (ICT) to support their constitutional functions. The Report is based on a surveyconducted by the Global Centre for ICT in Parliament between February and May 2012, with the participation of 156 parliaments. The Report examines major trends since the previous edition in 2010, and looks ahead to possible future developments.

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In 2012, the IPU Advisory Group on HIV/AIDS published a guide, Raising the Profile of HIV and AIDS in Your Parliament, which is intended to be a practical tool for parliamentarians who wish to organize themselves into cross-party groups and step up to the challenge that HIV presents. The Advisory Group believes that direct interaction with parliamentarians in their countries is the best way to put the guide into practice and inspire stronger parliamentary responses to HIV/AIDS. The Advisory Group field visit to Tanzania aims to do just that, as shown in its report.

 

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This publication is the result of survey research conducted by the IPU between 2006 and 2008. It collates insights from both men and women parliamentarians into the factors that shape decision making. It provides concrete examples of how parliamentarians are working to attain gender equality in politics at the national level, and how parliaments can become more gender-sensitized. Survey respondents also identify several structural changes that could help to promote women’s access to and full participation in parliament.
Summary documents of the Survey are also available:

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As part of its efforts to strengthen the capacity of parliaments to promote gender equality and respect for women's rights, the IPU organised its second meeting of members of parliamentary bodies dealing with gender issues in Geneva, in December 2007.

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The Second Annual Conference of Women Parliamentarians and Women in Political Decision-Making Positions of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States took place in Abu Dhabi on 30 and 31 October 2007. Women parliamentarians and women in politics from Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Yemen came together to discuss how to enhance women legislators' input in parliament. Women's political participation, the challenges facing GCC women in decision-making

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This joint IPU-World Bank survey is the first attempt to paint a global picture of parliamentary oversight related to World Bank and IMF lending and related processes - such as the adoption of Poverty Reduction Strategies Papers (PRSPs) and IMF macroeconomic surveillance. Involving almost 100 developing countries, the study was carried out as part of IPU’s goal of improving development results by strengthening the accountability role of parliaments.
 

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A5
Thirty years into the HIV epidemic, children continue to be left behind when it comes to treatment of HIV. Despite the fact that children represent 1 out of every 7 new HIV infections, the rate of children diagnosed, enrolled, and retained in HIV treatment is lagging far behind that for adults.
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IPU's Advisory Group on HIV/AIDS-MNCH undertook a field mission to Burundi in November 2013. The mission offered a series of recommendations on how to boost the country's fight against HIV and AIDS through parliamentary action. These included strengthening efforts on gender-sensitive policies and activity, reaching poor and marginalized people, caring for children orphaned by AIDS and enhancing coordination between key bodies and MPs.
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How can the issue of political participation of indigenous peoples be addressed if there is no information on how many indigenous people are formally involved in politics? This IPU survey has found that there are a minimum of 987 indigenous MPs in the world out of more than 44,000 parliamentarians. Eighty per cent of them are men. The survey has found, however, that political representation is not enough. Indigenous MPs’ involvement in parliamentary bodies with decision-making powers is critical.

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This publication looks at how women's representation in parliament has fared in the 20 years since the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action on women's empowerment as well as in the year between 2014 and 2015. Although the news that the percentage of women MPs has nearly doubled since 1995 seems encouraging, the lack of significant progress in 2014 questions whether quotas have reached the peak of their impact.

Read this publication on Scribd.

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Democracy depends on all voices in society being represented in parliament. Less than two per cent of MPs are below the age of 30. Youth engagement and participation in formal politics is critical to the future of democracy. This report analyses nearly 100 responses from parliaments on youth representation in their institution, statutory regulations on the right to vote and to run for political office as well as measures in place to promote youth participation in parliament.

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Like many countries, Viet Nam is facing formidable challenges in sustaining a response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic as international funding shrinks and national resources become limited. Nevertheless, it has announced new targets to rapidly expand HIV treatment by 2020. A field mission by IPU’s Advisory Group on HIV/AIDS and Maternal and Child Health looked at what Viet Nam is doing to make this happen.

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Child, early and forced marriage (CEFM) is a human rights violation that robs a girl of her childhood, puts her health and growth at risk, disrupts her education, limits her opportunities for empowerment and social development, and increases her risk of exposure to violence and abuse. This paper provides an overview of how the laws of 37 countries in the Asia-Pacific region address the issue of CEFM.

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A4