Every country in the world has some form of parliament. Parliamentary systems fall into two categories: bicameral and unicameral. Out of 193 countries in the world, 79 are bicameral and 113 are unicameral, making a total of 272 chambers of parliament with over 46,000 members of parliament. IPU membership is made up of 179 national parliaments. Discover the world's national
The IPU has been collecting data on parliaments since its inception in 1889, including information on women’s participation in politics since 1945. In this section, discover the IPU's knowledge bank for and about parliaments.
First Global Parliamentary Meeting on Achieving the SDGs
The Inter-Parliamentary Union and the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia are organizing the First Global Parliamentary Meeting on Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), entitled Turning the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic into opportunities for parliaments to achieve the SDGs. The event will take place virtually.
At a point in time when several combined crises are severely hitting the health, socio-economic and environmental sectors, and affecting the population, especially those who are already living in vulnerable situations, strengthening our commitment, action and cooperation to achieve sustainable solutions has become crucial. The SDGs are a globally agreed commitment that provide a roadmap to bring the world onto a path of sustainable development. Parliaments have engaged in multiple ways to implement the SDGs, including through the IPU, however due to COVID-19 progress has been stalled and often reversed. The Global Meeting intends to bring parliaments together at a critical time for sustainable development to discuss how they can advance SDG implementation through innovative action and cooperation.