Every country in the world has some form of parliament. Parliamentary systems fall into two categories: bicameral and unicameral. Out of 193 countries in the world, 79 are bicameral and 113 are unicameral, making a total of 272 chambers of parliament with over 46,000 members of parliament. IPU membership is made up of 178 national parliaments. Discover the world's national
The Inter-Parliamentary Union, Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament (PNND), the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP) and the World Future Council (WFC) are co-organizing a webinar on Parliamentary action to reduce nuclear risks and advance nuclear disarmament.
The IPU has been collecting data on parliaments since its inception in 1889, including information on women’s participation in politics since 1945. In this section, discover the IPU's knowledge bank for and about parliaments.
IPU-UN Regional Conference for the countries of the Sahel Region: Parliamentary engagement in addressing terrorism and conditions conducive to terrorism in the Sahel region
The IPU-UN Regional Conference for the countries of the Sahel Region on “Parliamentary engagement in addressing terrorism and conditions conducive to terrorism in the Sahel region” was held at the National Assembly of Niger in Niamey from 12 to 14 June 2019.
The discussions of the Regional Conference focused on four main themes: (1) the threat posed by terrorism in the Sahel region, and how the movements of terrorist groups affect security and border management, as well as the need to work on the prevention to achieve the suppression of radicalization and recruitment; (2) the importance of working at the regional level and cooperating for the implementation of national and regional strategies and mechanisms; (3) analyses of recent developments in international counter-terrorism obligations and gaps in counter-terrorism legislation at national and regional levels; (4) the important role of parliamentarians in supporting victims of terrorism, taking into account the gender dimension and youth, and how these groups could have a positive impact on building resilient communities.
The conference also aimed to support national parliaments to enhance understanding of their role in preventing and countering terrorism and addressing conditions to terrorism with a focus on priority areas specific to the regional context.