Every country in the world has some form of parliament. Parliamentary systems fall into two categories: bicameral and unicameral. Out of 193 countries in the world, 79 are bicameral and 113 are unicameral, making a total of 272 chambers of parliament with over 46,000 members of parliament. IPU membership is made up of 179 national parliaments. Discover the world's national
The IPU has been collecting data on parliaments since its inception in 1889, including information on women’s participation in politics since 1945. In this section, discover the IPU's knowledge bank for and about parliaments.
Parliamentary meeting on the occasion of the UN Food Systems Summit
The United Nations Secretary-General will convene a Food Systems Summit in September 2021.
Food systems touch every aspect of human existence and are intricately connected to human and animal health, land, water, climate, biodiversity, and the economy. However, too many of the world’s food systems are failing at multiple levels. Parliaments and parliamentarians are challenged to contribute more effectively to the governance of food systems, including the protection of the right to food, the regulation of the different stakeholders, institutions and processes involved along the food supply chain, and the promotion of equitable access to healthy and sustainable diets. The meeting will identify entry points for parliamentary action to ensure the production, processing, distribution and consumption of food responds to health, equity and sustainability imperatives. The outcomes of the meeting will inform the preparatory process of the UN Food Systems Summit.
The meeting will be held virtually and will be open to all parliaments. The working languages will be English, French and Spanish.