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Amina Zouabi, Jordan

Former Jordanian Senator Amina Zouabi finds grounds for optimism in the opportunities being given to women in her countryalthough traditional views persist. She urges women to fight for further change armed with education and culture. This is an edited version of an iKNOW politics interview conducted on 6 June 2013.

What are the most prominent challenges to women’s political participation in Jordan?

Women have been making progress in Jordan in terms of political participation. However, there remain obstacles which we are working to remove.

Among these are those pertaining to legislation which impedes women’s equal participation in politics, such as the current electoral law which does not guarantee women an equal opportunity to participate as well as laws governing political parties which do not encourage women’s participation in political parties.

This is in addition to the general social mentality. While there has been progress in this realm, the view that a woman’s role is limited to traditional work, government jobs and work at home as a mother still persists.

However, the progress and changes that are happening on this front call for optimism and indicate that this perception is changing.

What advice would you offer young women who wish to become involved in politics?

I believe that youth—which represents the bulk of our society—are the future leaders of societies. As such, it is essential for young women to become involved in all spheres of public life—whether by joining political parties or through civil society organizations.

I also advise them to not allow themselves to be stopped by whatever obstacles they may face or to give in to the current status quo. They must fight armed with education and culture.

Did social media play an important role in your experience as a parliamentarian?

I think that online social networks are extremely important and necessary at the present time because of the speed with which they can spread a message or a piece of information as well as their capacity to forge public opinion—both positively and negatively.

For a parliamentarian, these platforms represent a tool for outreach and help build trust between a parliamentarian and their constituents. For me, these networks have been very important and I depend on the help of family and friends to spread my message through these networks.

The use of tools such as Facebook and Twitter is important and use of one cannot extinguish the need for another. The more these tools are used the more widespread one’s message is and this is how change is brought on.

How do you assess the role these tools have played in the Arab Spring?

I think that these platforms have played important roles in the process for democratic transition in the region. We have seen the impact of these social platforms in the revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia.

The use of these networks is also very widespread in Jordan and impacts the general political will/movement.

In Jordan this is not going in the direction of revolution in the sense of overthrowing a regime, but rather we are calling for a “white” revolution—a process of reform. These tools play a very important role in the call for change.

Jordanians are calling for reform and anti-corruption measures and these networks offer an important platform for mobilizing, organizing and spreading information about these issues. Social media networks are as important for the call for reform as they are for parliamentarians.