Every country in the world has some form of parliament. Parliamentary systems fall into two categories: bicameral and unicameral. Out of 193 countries in the world, 79 are bicameral and 114 are unicameral, making a total of 272 chambers of parliament with over 46,000 members of parliament. IPU membership is made up of 179 national parliaments. Discover the world's national
The IPU has been collecting data on parliaments since its inception in 1889, including information on women’s participation in politics since 1945. In this section, discover the IPU's knowledge bank for and about parliaments.
Eliminating Violence against Women in Politics: What works and what doesn’t?
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Violence against women in politics is not only an intolerable violation of women’s human rights and civil rights but a fundamental challenge to democracy and sustainable development. The 2020 International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is a moment to raise awareness of the threat of gender-based violence affecting women engaged in politics, and specific policy solutions or remedies identified by organizations working in this field.
The Kofi Annan Foundation and the IPU are organizing a solutions-oriented discussion to evaluate successful policy responses and promote their urgent adoption.
Ms Carmen Alanis, Former Chief Justice, Mexico Electoral Tribunal
Ms. Anita Bhatia, Deputy Executive Director, UN Women
Mr. Martin Chungong, Secretary General of the IPU
Ms. Hilary Gbedemah, Chairperson of the CEDAW Committee
Ms. Corinne Momal-Vanian, Executive Director, Kofi Annan Foundation