Nearly every country in the world has some form of parliament. Parliamentary systems fall into two categories: bicameral and unicameral . Out of 190 national parliaments in the world, 78 are bicameral (156 chambers) and 112 are unicameral, making a total of 268 chambers of parliament with some 44,000 members of parliament. IPU membership is made up of 180 national
The meeting will provide a platform for representatives from such committees to have an interactive discussion in order to exchange insights on the challenges and opportunities around advancing climate objectives in their committees.
The IPU has been collecting data on parliaments since its inception in 1889, including information on women’s participation in politics since 1945. In this section, discover the IPU's knowledge bank for and about parliaments.
The Indicators for Democratic Parliaments are a multi-partner initiative led by the IPU in partnership with the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA), Directorio Legislativo Foundation, Inter Pares / International IDEA, National Democratic Institute (NDI), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UN Women and Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD).
The Indicators provide a framework for parliaments to self-assess their capacity and performance. They support parliament’s learning and development by raising key questions about the effectiveness, accountability, transparency and other characteristics of parliament.
Our ambition is for the Indicators to become a common tool for the parliamentary community that is widely used by parliaments to identify priorities for strengthening their institution.
The Indicators can be viewed, explored and downloaded in English, French and Spanish at www.parliamentaryindicators.org. The website also provides detailed guidance on to how to carry out an assessment, as well as case studies and online resources. For more information, please contact [email protected].