One of the aims of United Nations Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) is to prevent non-State actors from accessing weapons of mass destruction. Unfortunately, the threats and risks that the resolution aimed to tackle 15 years ago are still present and are not confined to one country or region. Collective efforts, including by parliamentarians, are needed for an effective approach to preventing chemical, biological and nuclear proliferation, and the illegal acquisition and use of such material.
In September 2019, the IPU and the New Zealand House of Representatives co-organized a regional seminar for Pacific island parliaments on the implementation of resolution 1540. The event was designed to raise awareness of resolution 1540 and to examine the role of parliamentarians in relation to it. It also enabled parliamentarians with different capacities and at different stages of implementing the resolution to meet, exchange ideas, share experiences and engage with experts.