Last Sunday’s elections in Mexico resulted in gender parity in the Parliament: with almost all the results counted, there are 246 women (48.6%) and 254 men (51.2%) in the Chamber of Deputies and 65 women (50.78%) and 63 men (49.22%) in the Senate. A provisional IPU calculation shows that Mexico has moved up from 9th to 4th place in the world ranking of women in parliament.
There is a definite increase: according to IPU data, before the elections there were 213 women in the Chamber and 47 women in the Senate. Compared to 1991 the growth in numbers of women MPs is impressive: in 1991, there were only 21 women in the Chamber and 2 women in the Senate. The increase is due to a 2014 law calling for gender parity.
This year has been dubbed “the year of the woman” in Mexico: almost 3,000 women ran in these elections, an unprecedented number. Mexican women were given the vote in 1947 and allowed to stand for office in 1953.
“This is a major milestone for gender parity and female equality, both for my country and the rest of the world,” said Gabriela Cuevas, IPU President and Mexican MP. “I hope this achievement will motivate us in our task of constructing a fair and more equitable world where all voices are represented and heard equally,” Ms. Cuevas added.
“The IPU is delighted with the news of gender parity in the Mexican Parliament,” said Martin Chungong, IPU Secretary General. “The IPU works to increase the number of women MPs worldwide.”